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预防医学  2021, Vol. 33 Issue (3): 259-263    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2021.03.010
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宁夏回族自治区青少年使用电子烟现状调查
李艳妮1, 关素珍2, 贺宝福1, 马玉琴1
1.宁夏回族自治区健康教育所控烟与监测科,宁夏 银川 750011;
2.宁夏医科大学公共卫生与管理学院
Electronic cigarette use among adolescents in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
LI Yanni*, GUAN Suzhen, HE Baofu, MA Yuqin
*Tobacco Control and Surveillance Division, Health Education Center of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Yinchuan, Ningxia 750011, China
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摘要 目的 了解宁夏回族自治区青少年使用电子烟现状,为控制青少年吸烟提供依据。方法 基于2019年全国青少年烟草流行监测项目,采取多阶段按规模大小成比例抽样方法选取宁夏回族自治区中学学生为调查对象,采用中国疾病预防控制中心修订的问卷收集学生的基本信息,电子烟使用现状、认知情况,电子烟及其相关产品广告获取途径。按照最终权重计算电子烟使用率、尝试率、认知和态度持有率以及广告获取途径比例等。结果 发放问卷9 019份,回收有效问卷8 401份,回收有效率为93.2%。学生电子烟使用率和尝试率分别为4.3%和13.4%。男生电子烟使用率和尝试率分别为7.7%和22.9%,均高于女生的0.8%和3.8%(P<0.05)。不同学校类型学生电子烟使用率和尝试率差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05),其中职业高中学生使用率和尝试率均较高,分别为11.5%和26.8%。现在使用电子烟的246人中,30.1%认为电子烟不含尼古丁,60.2%不知晓电子烟是否含尼古丁。过去30 d内,27.0%的学生看到过电子烟及其相关产品广告,其中以电视,商店、超市、便利店、杂货铺,电子烟体验店或线下零售店为主要途径。结论 宁夏回族自治区青少年电子烟使用率和尝试率分别为4.3%和13.4%,男生、职业高中学生电子烟使用率和尝试率较高,学生普遍知晓电子烟,广告获取途径较多。
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李艳妮
关素珍
贺宝福
马玉琴
关键词 电子烟使用率认知青少年    
AbstractObjective To investigate the status of electronic cigarette use among adolescents in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and to provide evidence for tobacco control in adolescents. Methods Based on the 2019 National Youth Tobacco Epidemic Monitoring Program, multistage proportional sampling method was used to select middle school students from Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. A questionnaire revised by Chinese CDC was used to collect the general information, the cognition and use of electronic cigarettes, and the access to advertising of electronic cigarettes and related products. Results Totally 9 019 questionnaires were distributed, 8 401 valid ones were recovered, and the response rate was 93.2%. The rates of electronic cigarette use and attempt among students were 4.3% and 13.4%. The rates of electronic cigarette use and attempt in male students were 7.7% and 22.9%, which were higher than that in female students (0.8% and 3.8%, P<0.05) . The rates of electronic cigarette use and attempt varied in different schools ( P<0.05 ), which were higher in vocational high school students ( 11.5% and 26.8% ). Among 246 students who used electronic cigarettes, 30.1% did not thought electronic cigarettes contained nicotine, while 60.2% did not know whether electronic cigarettes contain nicotine. In the past 30 days, 27.0% of the students had seen the advertisements of electronic cigarettes and related products, mainly through TV, store, supermarket, convenience store, grocery store, electronic cigarette experience store or retail store. Conclusions The rates of electronic cigarette use and attempt among adolescents in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region are 4.3% and 13.4%. Boys and vocational high school students have higher rates. Students generally know electronic cigarette and have more access to it.
Key wordselectronic cigarette    usage rate    awareness    adolescents
收稿日期: 2020-10-15      出版日期: 2021-03-16
ZTFLH:  R193.3  
基金资助:中央补助地方健康素养促进行动项目(国卫办规划函〔2019〕269号)
通信作者: 关素珍,E-mail:guansz_nx2017@sina.com   
作者简介: 李艳妮,本科,主管医师,主要从事控烟与监测工作
引用本文:   
李艳妮, 关素珍, 贺宝福, 马玉琴. 宁夏回族自治区青少年使用电子烟现状调查[J]. 预防医学, 2021, 33(3): 259-263.
LI Yanni, GUAN Suzhen, HE Baofu, MA Yuqin. Electronic cigarette use among adolescents in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. Preventive Medicine, 2021, 33(3): 259-263.
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http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2021.03.010      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2021/V33/I3/259
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