Please wait a minute...
文章检索
预防医学  2017, Vol. 29 Issue (10): 1003-1008    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn1007-0931.2017.10.008
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
三种职业健康风险评估方法在小型家具制造企业的应用研究
边国林12,王爱红3,李晓海3,张美辨4,张增利1
1.苏州大学医学部公共卫生学院,江苏 苏州 215123;
2.宁波市康宁医院;
3.宁波市疾病预防控制中心;
4.浙江省疾病预防控制中心
A comparative study on the application of different methods of occupation health risk assessment in small furniture manufacturing industry
BIAN Guo-lin,WANG Ai-hong,Li Xiao-hai ,ZHANG Mei-bian,ZHANG Zeng-li
School of Public Health,Medical College of Soochow University,Suzhou,Jiangsu,215123,China
全文: PDF(552 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 目的 比较三种职业健康风险评估方法在小型家具制造企业的适用性。方法 选择浙江省某市一家小型家具制造企业,应用美国环境保护署(EPA)吸入风险评估法、新加坡化学物质职业暴露半定量风险评估法和澳大利亚职业健康与安全风险评估法开展风险评估,比较评估结果。结果 美国EPA风险评估结果显示,备料、拼接、组装、喷漆和打磨等岗位苯和甲醛的致癌风险均为低风险,各岗位苯、二甲苯的非致癌风险均为极高风险;新加坡风险评估结果显示,备料和打磨岗位的木粉尘所致健康风险为高风险,各岗位甲苯和二甲苯的健康风险均为低到中等风险;澳大利亚风险评估结果显示,各岗位甲苯和二甲苯的健康风险为中等风险,苯、木粉尘、噪声均为重大健康风险。三种方法的风险比值均高于有毒作业分级比值(P<0.01),美国EPA风险评估的风险比值高于新加坡和澳大利亚风险评估的风险比值(P<0.05)。结论 美国EPA、新加坡和澳大利亚风险评估方法均能评估小型家具制造企业的关键风险控制点,多种风险评估方法联合应用可作为风险评估策略之一。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
边国林
王爱红
李晓海
张美辨
张增利
关键词 风险评估家具制造企业职业健康    
AbstractObjective To compare the applicability of different occupational health risk assessment methods in small furniture manufacturing industry. Methods American EPA inhalation risk model,Singapore semi-quantitative risk assessment model of occupational exposure to chemical substances and Australian Occupational Health and Safety Risk Assessment model,were used to assess the occupational health risk in a small furniture manufacturing industry from a city of Zhejiang Province. Results The results of American EPA model showed that the workers who exposed to benzene and formaldehyde had low risk of carcinogens,and who exposed to benzene and xylene had very high risk of non-carcinogens. According to Singapore semi-quantitative risk assessment model,there were low and medium health risk caused by toluene and xylene,and high risk caused by wood dust in preparation and polishing jobs. Similar to the results of other models,Australia qualitative risk assessment model showed that there were medium health risk caused by toluene and xylene,and high risk caused by benzene,wood dust and noise. All of the three methods could found the key risk control point in furniture manufacturing industry. The risk ratios of the three methods were higher than the toxic work classification ratio (P<0.01),and the risk ratio of EPA model were higher than the results of Singapore model and Australia model (P<0.05). Conclusion All of the three methods can be applied to assess the occupational health risk in furniture manufacturing industry,and the combined application of multiple risk assessment methods can be used as one of the risk assessment strategies.
Key wordsRisk assessment    Furniture manufacturing    Occupational health
收稿日期: 2017-04-05      出版日期: 2017-10-10
ZTFLH:  R134  
通信作者: 张增利,E-mail:zhangzengli@suda.edu.cn   
作者简介: 边国林,硕士在读,主任医师,主要从事公共卫生管理工作
引用本文:   
边国林,王爱红,李晓海,张美辨,张增利. 三种职业健康风险评估方法在小型家具制造企业的应用研究[J]. 预防医学, 2017, 29(10): 1003-1008.
BIAN Guo-lin,WANG Ai-hong,Li Xiao-hai ,ZHANG Mei-bian,ZHANG Zeng-li. A comparative study on the application of different methods of occupation health risk assessment in small furniture manufacturing industry. Preventive Medicine, 2017, 29(10): 1003-1008.
链接本文:  
http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn1007-0931.2017.10.008      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2017/V29/I10/1003
[1] 全国人民代表大会常务委员会. 中华人民共和国职业病防治法[M] . 北京:中国法制出版社,2012.
[2] 中华人民共和国国家卫生和计划生育委员会.关于2012年职业病防治工作情况的通报[EB/OL] . [2013-09-16] . http://www.nhfpc.gov.cn/jkj/s5899t/201309/9af5b88cc6ea40d592e8a 5e0aa76914a.shtml.
[3] 中华人民共和国国家卫生和计划生育委员会.关于2013年职业病防治工作情况的通报[EB/OL] . [2014-06-30] . http://www.nhfpc.gov.cn/jkj/s5899t/201406/ed8ed220d0b74010bcb6dcd8e340f4fb.shtml.
[4] 中华人民共和国国家卫生和计划生育委员会.关于2014年职业病防治工作情况的通报[EB/OL] . [2015-12-03] . http://www.nhfpc.gov.cn/jkj/s5899t/201512/c5a99f823c5d4dd48324c6 be69b7b2f9.shtml.
[5] 符传东,黄汉林,越飞. 化学因素职业病危害风险评估指标体系建立[J] . 中国职业医学,2011,38(2):123-125.
[6] 王建宇,丘创逸. 模糊综合方法在中小化工企业的职业病危害风险评估中的应用[J] . 职业与健康,2010,26(1):1-4.
[7] 王延让,刘静,张鸿,等. 风险评估在化工行业职业危害评价中的应用[J] . 中华劳动卫生职业病杂志,2009,27(2):122-125.
[8] Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation,Environmental Protection Agency. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund Volume I Human Health Evaluation Manual(Part F,Supplemental Guidance for Inhalation Risk Assessment,EPA-540-R-070-002,OSWER 9285.7-82 January 2009)[Z] . 2009:22-24.
[9] Ministry of Manpower(Singapore). A semi-quantitative method to assess occupational exposure to harmful chemicals. occupational safety and health Division[M/OL] .[2014-12-12] . http://www. mom.gov.sg /workplace- safety-health/resources/.
[10] The University of Queensland Occupational Health & Safety Unit.Risk assessment and management guideline[R] . Queensland:The University of Queensland,2011.
[11] 冷朋波,边国林,王爱红,等. 美国EPA吸入风险模型在木质家具制造企业职业健康风险评估中的应用[J] . 环境与职业医学,2014,31(11):858-862.
[12] 高鹤,齐明键,周莉芳,等. 半定量及定性风险评估方法在家具制造企业的应用[J] . 中国工业医学杂志,2016,29(3):220-222.
[13] 王爱红,冷朋波,边国林,等. 半定量风险评估技术在木质家具企业职业健康风险评估中的应用[J] . 中国预防医学杂志,2016,17(1):37-40.
[1] 黎乾,王芬,提高兰,倪丰颖,郑寿贵,包芳芳. 综合指数法和定量风险评估法在反光膜企业的应用比较[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(9): 946-949.
[2] 洪琪, 李锐. 移动医疗APP的风险评估与管理[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(6): 637-639.
[3] 庞志峰, 章光明. 金华市埃博拉出血热输入和本地传播风险评估[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(4): 335-340.
[4] 丁俊, 苏世标, 靳雅丽, 刘明, 谈伟君. 家具生产企业有机溶剂的三种健康风险评估方法比较[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(4): 400-404.
[5] 王莎莎, 李明, 蒋兴祥. 绍兴市噪声作业职业病危害特征分析[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(4): 405-408.
[6] 周煜, 沈毅, 王姝婷, 赵栋. 杭州市居民谷物和烧烤油炸类食品多环芳烃暴露风险评估[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(3): 260-265.
[7] 郭丽花, 俞敏, 钟节鸣, 方乐, 陈向宇, 王春梅, 谢开婿. 桐乡市社区高血压患者心血管病发病风险评估[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(2): 124-127.
[8] 赵静, 王杰, 张红兵, 王伟, 解燕, 韩磊. 江苏省职业健康检查机构现状调查[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(2): 199-201.
[9] 王祚懿, 陈强, 何晓庆, 盛微, 罗进斌. 金华市农村生活饮用水化学污染健康风险评估[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(10): 1012-1016.
[10] 何晓庆, 罗进斌, 王祚懿, 盛微. 婺城区大气PM2.5金属元素污染的慢性健康风险评估[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(1): 23-27.
[11] 张文翠,朱钰玲,胡伟江,叶萌,牛勇,周莹,张 ,梅良英. 选矿企业石棉粉尘的职业健康风险评估[J]. 预防医学, 2018, 30(9): 879-883.
[12] 李旭东,丁俊,刘明,徐海娟,苏世标,胡世杰. 三种职业健康风险评估方法评估涂料生产企业有机溶剂风险的应用比较[J]. 预防医学, 2018, 30(8): 794-798.
[13] 杨科华,沈群燕,沈晓靖,骆丹丹,廖晓静,杨丹红. 抑郁症患者照料人心理负担及影响因素研究[J]. 预防医学, 2018, 30(7): 693-695.
[14] 郭蓉, 王玮, 刘存卫, 程国霞, 胡佳薇, 王彩霞, 田丽, 李天来. 陕西省部分蔬菜中有机磷农药残留的膳食暴露风险评估[J]. 预防医学, 2018, 30(2): 148-152.
[15] 张鹏, 刘弢, 李辉, 张传会, 马力, 张美辨. 两种风险评估模型在转椅家具制造企业的应用比较[J]. 预防医学, 2018, 30(2): 158-163.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed