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预防医学  2017, Vol. 29 Issue (2): 142-145    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn1007-0931.2017.02.010
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
大学生睡眠质量与饮食的关系研究
徐春燕,李唯,潘超兰,葛梦媛
杭州师范大学医学院,浙江杭州 310002
An analysis on the association between sleep quality
and dietary behaviors among college students
XU Chun-yan, LI Wei, PAN Chao-lan, GE Meng-yuan,LIAN Fu-zhi
School of Medicine,Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou,Zhejiang,310002,China
全文: PDF(600 KB)  
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摘要 目的 了解大学生饮食行为与睡眠质量的关系,为改善大学生睡眠质量提供依据。方法 采用整群抽样法抽取杭州师范大学24个班级的在校学生,于2014年10—11月开展问卷调查,内容包括基本情况、饮食行为和膳食摄入情况;采用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表(PSQI)评价睡眠质量,采用Logistic回归模型分析睡眠质量的影响因素。结果 共调查588人,PSQI平均得分为(4.72±2.52)分,76人(12.92%)睡眠质量较差。单因素分析显示,睡眠质量差与寝室室友影响、三餐不规律、水产品和禽类摄入频率少有关(P<0.05)。多因素Logistic回归分析显示,室友影响大和很大(OR=5.13,95%CI:2.15~12.23;OR=6.86,95%CI:2.68~17.56)。校外餐馆就餐≥4次/周(OR = 3.04,95%CI:1.58~5.84)、晚餐少于7次/周(OR=1.96,95%CI:1.23~3.40)、水产品摄入频率<1次/周(OR=2.48,95%CI:1.27~4.85)是睡眠质量差的危险因素。结论 饮食行为和膳食摄入可影响大学生睡眠质量,大学生应注意三餐规律性,均衡营养摄入。
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XU Chun-yan
LI Wei
PAN Chao-lan
GE Meng-yuan
LIAN Fu-zhi
关键词 大学生睡眠质量饮食行为膳食摄入    
AbstractObjective To examine the effect of eating behavior and dietary intake on the sleep quality of college students, and to provide basis for improving students' sleep quality. Methods College students from Hangzhou Normal University were randomly selected and they were investigated from October to November, 2014. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to measure the quality of sleep, and a self-designed questionnaire was used to measure eating behavior and dietary intake. Results A total of 588 college students were investigated. The average score of PSQI was 4.72±2.52, and 76 (12.9%) of the respondents have poor sleep quality. Single-factor analyses showed that sleep quality was not associated with gender, BMI, cigarette smoking and academic pressure , but was associated with peer effect, meal regularity, and frequency of fish and poultry intake (P<0.05). Multi-factor logistic regression showed that frequency of eating-out (OR= 3.04,95% CI:1.58-5.84;P= 0.001, 4 or more than 4 times vs. less than once per week) irregular dinner (OR= 1.96,95% CI:1.23-3.40;P= 0.017, irregular vs. regular) and less fish intake (OR= 2.48,95% CI:1.27 - 4.85;P= 0.01, less than once vs. 2-3 times per week) increased the risk of poor sleep quality.Conclusion Eating behavior and dietary intake are closely related to sleep quality of college students and they should concern about meal regularity and nutrition balance.
Key wordsCollege students    Sleep quality    Eating behavior    Dietary intak
     出版日期: 2017-11-21
ZTFLH:  R19  
基金资助:浙江省大学生科技创新活动计划暨新苗人才计划(2015R423038)
通信作者: 连福治,E-mail:fuzhi.lian@hznu.edu.cn   
作者简介: 徐春燕,本科在读
引用本文:   
徐春燕,李唯,潘超兰,葛梦媛. 大学生睡眠质量与饮食的关系研究[J]. 预防医学, 2017, 29(2): 142-145.
XU Chun-yan, LI Wei, PAN Chao-lan, GE Meng-yuan,LIAN Fu-zhi. An analysis on the association between sleep quality
and dietary behaviors among college students. Preventive Medicine, 2017, 29(2): 142-145.
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http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn1007-0931.2017.02.010      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2017/V29/I2/142
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