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预防医学  2018, Vol. 30 Issue (9): 902-906    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2018.09.009
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彰武县和凤城市慢性下呼吸系统疾病早死所致疾病负担调查
田沛茹1,2 ,张斯蒙1,2,倪萍1,2,刘晓冰3,孙秋红4,时景璞1,2
1.中国医科大学附属第一医院临床流行病与循证医学教研室,辽宁 沈阳 110001;
2.循证医学教育部网上合作研究中心中国医科大学分中心;
3.彰武县疾病预防控制中心;
4.凤城市疾病预防控制中心
The burden of early death caused by chronic lower respiratory diseases in Zhangwu and Fengcheng
TIAN Pei-ru*,ZHANG Si-meng,NI Ping,LIU Xiao-bing,SUN Qiu-hong,SHI Jing-pu
*Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Evidence-based Medicine,The First Hospital of China Medical University,Shenyang,Liaoning 110001,China
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摘要 目的 了解辽宁省彰武县和凤城市2015—2016年慢性下呼吸系统疾病(CLRDs)的疾病负担。方法 收集彰武县和凤城市2015—2016年全死因死亡数据和人口学数据,统计CLRDs死亡率、早死所致的寿命损失年(YLL)、每千人YLL(YLLR)、人均YLL(AYLL)、潜在工作损失年(WPYLL)、每千人WYPLL(WYPLLR)和人均WYPLL(AWPYLL)。结果 2015—2016年彰武县和凤城市居民CLRDs死亡率为31.43/10万,标化死亡率为22.08/10万,其中慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)标化死亡率最高,为15.39/10万。CLRDs死亡导致的YLL为5 116.29年,AYLL为8.33年/人,WPYLL为560.00年,AWPYLL为0.91年/人。其中,男性2016年CLRDs的YLL和WPYLL大于2015年,而女性2016年YLL和WPYLL小于2015年;凤城市的YLL和WPYLL均大于彰武县;不同病种的YLL和WPYLL以COPD最大,分别为3 547.60和362.50年;YLLR与年龄呈正相关(rs=0.985,P<0.05),WPYLLR与年龄未见线性趋势(P>0.05)。结论 2015—2016年彰武县和凤城市居民CLRDs早死所致寿命损失和工作损失严重,寿命损失随着年龄增长不断加重,男性和老年人是高危人群,COPD是危险病种。
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田沛茹
张斯蒙
倪萍
刘晓冰
孙秋红
时景璞
关键词 慢性下呼吸系统疾病疾病负担寿命损失    
AbstractObjective To understand the burden of chronic lower respiratory diseases(CLRDs)in Zhangwu and Fengcheng of Liaoning Province from 2015 to 2016. Methods All cause mortality data and demographic data from 2015 to 2016 in Zhangwu and Fengcheng were collected,and CLRDs mortality,years of life lost(YLL),YLL per 1 000 people(YLLR),YLL per capita(AYLL),working years of potential life lost(WPYLL),WYPLL per 1 000 people(WYPLLR)and WYPLL per capita(AWPYLL)were collected. Results From 2015 to 2016,the mortality of CLRDs in Zhangwu and Fengcheng was 31.43/100 000,and the standardized mortality rate was 22.08/100 000,of which the mortality rate of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD)was the highest,which was 15.39/100 000. The YLL caused by CLRDs death was 5 116.29 years,AYLL was 8.33 years per person,WPYLL was 560.00 years,AWPYLL was 0.91 years per person. Among them,the YLL and WPYLL of male CLRDs in 2016 were more than those in 2015,while females in 2016 YLL and WPYLL were less than those in 2015. YLL and WPYLL in Fengcheng were larger than those in Zhangwu. YLL and WPYLL for different diseases were the largest in COPD. They were 3 547.60 and 362.50 years respectively. YLLR was positively correlated with age(rs = 0.985,P<0.05),and WPYLLR had no linear trend with age (P>0.05). Conclusion From 2015 to 2016,the life loss and work loss caused by early death of CLRDs in Zhangwu and Fengcheng were serious,and the loss of life expectancy increased with age. The male and the elderly people were high-risk groups,and the COPD was a dangerous disease for CLRDs.
Key wordsChronic lower respiratory diseases    Burden of disease    Life lost
     出版日期: 2018-09-04
ZTFLH:  R56  
  R195  
通信作者: 时景璞,E-mail:sjp562013@126.com   
作者简介: 田沛茹,硕士在读,主要从事流行病学及循证医学工作
引用本文:   
田沛茹, 张斯蒙, 倪萍, 刘晓冰, 孙秋红, 时景璞, . 彰武县和凤城市慢性下呼吸系统疾病早死所致疾病负担调查[J]. 预防医学, 2018, 30(9): 902-906.
TIAN Pei-ru, ZHANG Si-meng, NI Ping, LIU Xiao-bing, SUN Qiu-hong, SHI Jing-pu. The burden of early death caused by chronic lower respiratory diseases in Zhangwu and Fengcheng. Preventive Medicine, 2018, 30(9): 902-906.
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http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2018.09.009      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2018/V30/I9/902
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