Abstract：Objective To investigate trends in the disease burden of tumors among children aged 0 to 14 years in China in 1990 and 2019, so as to provide insights into management of pediatric tumors in China. Methods The Global Burden of Disease 2019 data were retrieved from the Global Health Data Exchange, and the mortality and disability adjusted life years (DALYs) of pediatric tumors were evaluated among children at ages of 0 to 14 years in China in 1990 and 2019, and the disease burdens due to pediatric tumors in China were compared with the regions with different social population index (SDI). Results The mortality of tumors decreased from 13.10/105 in 1990 to 4.96/105 in 2019 (a 62.17% reduction) among children aged 0 to 14 years in China, and the DALY rate decreased from 1 118.93/105 to 424.77/105 (a 62.04% reduction). The mortality and DALY rate of tumors decreased from 13.48/105 to 5.38/105, and from 1 147.09/105 to 458.65/105 among male children, and from 12.69/105 to 4.46/105, and from 1 088.22/105 to 384.94/105 among female children. The disease burden of pediatric tumors was concentrated among children at ages of 0 to 4 years. The three highest disease burdens of pediatric tumors were measured in leukemia, brain and nerve system tumors, and lymphoma in 2019. Compared with the regions with different SDI, the largest reductions were seen in the mortality and DALY rate of tumors among children at ages of 0 to 14 years in China, which were still higher than in middle, high-middle and high SDI regions. Conclusions The disease burden of tumors declined among children at ages of 0 to 14 years in China in 2019, compared with 1990; however, it is still higher than in middle and higher SDI regions. The disease burden of pediatric tumors was high among children at ages of 0 to 4 years and among male children, with leukemia, brain and nerve system tumors and lymphoma as predominant types.
周洁, 谭自明, 茹凉. 1990年与2019年中国0~14岁儿童肿瘤疾病负担分析[J]. 预防医学, 2023, 35(3): 205-209.
ZHOU Jie, TAN Ziming, RU Liang. Disease burden of tumors among children aged 0 to 14 years in Chinain 1990 and 2019. Preventive Medicine, 2023, 35(3): 205-209.
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