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预防医学  2018, Vol. 30 Issue (6): 586-589    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2018.06.011
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
桐乡市主要慢性病早死亡概率及对期望寿命的影响
潘东霞,谢开婿,陈玲,顾琦俊
桐乡市疾病预防控制中心,浙江 桐乡 314500
Effect of major chronic diseases on probability of premature death rate and life expectancy in Tongxiang
PAN Dong-xia,XIE Kai-xu,CHEN Ling-li,GU Qi-jun,
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Tongxiang,Tongxiang,Zhejiang 314500,Chnia
全文: PDF(383 KB)  
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摘要 目的 分析2016年桐乡市恶性肿瘤、心脑血管疾病、慢性呼吸系统疾病和糖尿病四类主要慢性病早死亡概率(早死率)及对居民期望寿命的影响,为提高居民期望寿命提供依据。方法 从浙江省慢性病监测信息系统导出2016年桐乡市户籍居民死亡资料,对四类慢性病的死亡率、早死率、潜在寿命损失年及期望寿命等指标进行描述性分析。结果 2016年桐乡市共报告死亡5 104例,粗死亡率为738.77/10万,标化死亡率为480.40/10万,其中早死亡占23.59%。四类慢性病的早死率为8.44%,其中恶性肿瘤、心脑血管疾病、慢性呼吸系统疾病和糖尿病的早死率分别为5.68%、2.06%、0.65%和0.24%。居民期望寿命为81.40岁,去除心脑血管疾病、恶性肿瘤、慢性呼吸系统疾病和糖尿病,分别可增加3.69、2.78、1.43和0.16岁。四类慢性病的潜在寿命损失年为15 239人年,平均减寿年数为4.25年,减寿率为22.06‰。四类慢性病的死亡率、早死率、潜在寿命损失年、平均减寿年数和减寿率均为男性高于女性。结论 桐乡市户籍居民因四类主要慢性病早死的概率为8.44%,四类主要慢性病对男性期望寿命的影响较大。
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潘东霞
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顾琦俊
关键词 慢性非传染性疾病早死率潜在寿命损失年去死因期望寿命    
AbstractObjective To analyze the premature death rate and life expectancy caused by cancer,cardiovascular disease,chronic respiratory disease and diabetes and to provide the basis for the government to formulate residents' health promotion measures. Methods The data of deaths of permanent residents in Tongxiang in 2016 were derived from“Zhejiang Chronic Disease Surveillance Information System”. The mortality,premature death rate,years of potential life loss and life expectancy of four chronic diseases were descriptively analyzed. Results In 2016,a total of 5 104 deaths were reported in Tongxiang,with a crude death rate of 738.77 / 100,000 and a standardized mortality rate of 480.40 / 100,000,23.59% were premature deaths. The mortality rate of the four types of chronic diseases was 8.44%,malignant tumors,cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases,chronic respiratory diseases,diabetes were 5.68%,2.06%,0.65% and 0.24%. Residents' life expectancy was 81.40 years,removal of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases,cancer,chronic respiratory diseases,diabetes,the life expectancy increased 3.69,2.78,1.43 and 0.16 years,respectively. The four types of chronic diseases had a potential life-loss loss of 15,239 person-years,with an average life-saving year of 4.25 years and a life-saving rate of 22.06 ‰. Mortality rate,premature death rate,years of potential loss of life,average life expectancy and longevity rate were higher in males than in females. Conclusion The probability of premature death of four types of chronic diseases in Tongxiang was 8.44%,and male residents were more likely to be affected.
Key wordsChronic disease    Premature death rate    Potential life loss years    Cause-eliminated life expectancy
     出版日期: 2018-06-04
ZTFLH:  R181.3  
通信作者: 潘东霞,E-mail:dongxia0724_pan@163.com   
作者简介: 潘东霞,硕士,主管医师,主要从事慢性病综合防制工作
引用本文:   
潘东霞,谢开婿,陈玲,顾琦俊. 桐乡市主要慢性病早死亡概率及对期望寿命的影响[J]. 预防医学, 2018, 30(6): 586-589.
PAN Dong-xia,XIE Kai-xu,CHEN Ling-li,GU Qi-jun,. Effect of major chronic diseases on probability of premature death rate and life expectancy in Tongxiang. Preventive Medicine, 2018, 30(6): 586-589.
链接本文:  
http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2018.06.011      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2018/V30/I6/586
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