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预防医学  2021, Vol. 33 Issue (12): 1215-1219    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2021.12.005
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
浙江省7~22岁学生超重肥胖现况调查
高雷, 孟佳, 李娟娟, 沈郁, 顾昉
浙江省疾病预防控制中心营养与食品安全所,浙江 杭州 310051
A cross-sectional study of overweight and obesity among 7-22 year-old students in Zhejiang Province
GAO Lei, MENG Jia, LI Juanjuan, SHEN Yu, GU Fang
Department of Nutrition and Food Safety, Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310051, China
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摘要 目的 了解浙江省7~22岁学生超重、肥胖情况,并分析影响因素。方法 采用分层整群抽样方法,于2019年在浙江省11个地级市抽取7~22岁学生,采用《学生健康状况及影响因素调查表》收集基本信息、饮食和生活方式资料,测量身高、体重;采用多因素Logistic回归模型分析超重肥胖的影响因素。结果 调查7~22岁学生33 800人,检出超重肥胖7 685例,超重肥胖率为22.74%;其中超重4 729例,超重率为13.99%;肥胖2 956例,肥胖率为8.75%。多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示,男生(OR=2.059,95%CI:1.949~2.175),走读生(OR=1.306,95%CI:1.214~1.405),有饮酒史(OR=1.158,95%CI:1.083~1.238),过去7天日均饮用含糖饮料次数(<1,OR=1.214,95%CI:1.103~1.336;≥1,OR=1.431,95%CI:1.259~1.626)、食用油炸食品次数(<1,OR=1.171,95%CI:1.065~1.288;≥1,OR=1.266,95%CI:1.102~1.454)、食用甜食次数(<1,OR=0.727,95%CI:0.658~0.802;≥1,OR=0.504,95%CI:0.444~0.572)均与学生超重肥胖有统计学关联。结论 浙江省7~22岁学生超重、肥胖率分别为13.99%和8.75%,男生、走读生、饮用含糖饮料、食用油炸食品、食用甜食和有饮酒史与学生超重肥胖有关。
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高雷
孟佳
李娟娟
沈郁
顾昉
关键词 超重肥胖学生    
AbstractObjective To understand the prevalence of overweight and obesity, and the influencing factors among students aged 7-22 years in Zhejiang Province. Methods Stratified random cluster sampling was used to randomly select students aged 7-22 years in 11 prefectures of Zhejiang Province in 2019. Height and weight were measured. The general information, dietary habits and living habits of students were collected using the Student Health Status and Influencing Factors Questionnaire. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of overweight and obesity. Results A total of 33 800 respondents were included, 7 685 (22.74%) were overweight/obese, 4 729 ( 13.99% ) were overweight, and 2 956 ( 8.75% ) were obese. The multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that boys ( OR=2.059, 95%CI:1.949-2.175), not living on campus( OR=1.306, 95%CI: 1.214-1.405), history of alcohol consumption ( OR=1.158, 95%CI:1.083-1.238 ), average daily consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages in the past week ( less than once, OR=1.214, 95%CI: 1.103-1.336; once and more, OR=1.431, 95%CI: 1.259-1.626 ), average daily consumption of fries in the past week ( less than once, OR=1.171, 95%CI: 1.065-1.288; once and more, OR=1.266, 95%CI: 1.102-1.454 ), and average daily consumption of sweets in the past week (less than once, OR=0.727, 95%CI: 0.658-0.802; once and more, OR=0.504, 95%CI: 0.444-0.572) were associated with overweight and obesity in students. Conclusion The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity among students aged 7-22 years in Zhejiang Province are 13.99% and 8.75%, respectively, which are associated with boys, not living on campus, and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, fries, sweets and alcohol.
Key wordsoverweight    obesity    student
收稿日期: 2021-06-22      出版日期: 2021-12-03
ZTFLH:  R195  
通信作者: 顾昉,E-mail:fgu@cdc.zj.cn   
作者简介: 高雷,硕士,医师,主要从事学校教学环境监测与学生健康监测工作
引用本文:   
高雷, 孟佳, 李娟娟, 沈郁, 顾昉. 浙江省7~22岁学生超重肥胖现况调查[J]. 预防医学, 2021, 33(12): 1215-1219.
GAO Lei, MENG Jia, LI Juanjuan, SHEN Yu, GU Fang. A cross-sectional study of overweight and obesity among 7-22 year-old students in Zhejiang Province. Preventive Medicine, 2021, 33(12): 1215-1219.
链接本文:  
http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2021.12.005      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2021/V33/I12/1215
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