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预防医学  2020, Vol. 32 Issue (5): 433-436    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2020.05.001
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湖州市新型冠状病毒肺炎病例流行特征分析
金玫华1, 沈建勇1, 付云1, 刘光涛1, 刘艳1, 杨中荣1, 任飞林1, 徐德顺1, 陈利强2, 邹勇3, 董晓莲4, 邵斌5, 刘斌6
1.湖州市疾病预防控制中心,浙江 湖州 313000;
2.湖州市吴兴区疾病预防控制中心;
3.湖州市南浔区疾病预防控制中心;
4.德清县疾病预防控制中心;
5.长兴县疾病预防控制中心;
6.安吉县疾病预防控制中心
Epidemiological characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in Huzhou
JIN Meihua*, SHEN Jianyong, FU Yun, LIU Guangtao, LIU Yan, YANG Zhongrong, REN Feilin, XU Deshun, CHEN Liqiang, ZOU Yong, DONG Xiaolian, SHAO Bin, LIU Bin
Huzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Huzhou,Zhejiang 313000,China
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摘要 目的 分析湖州市新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)病例的流行特征,为加强COVID-19疫情防控工作提供依据。方法 根据《新型冠状病毒肺炎诊疗方案(试行第六版)》诊断标准,以湖州市2020年1月25日—2月7日报告的COVID-19确诊病例为研究对象,通过流行病学调查收集病例诊疗情况、临床症状、暴露史和密切接触者等资料,对COVID-19确诊病例的流行特征进行描述性分析。结果 湖州市2020年1月25日报告首例COVID-19确诊病例,至2月7日累计报告10例,均为输入病例,未发现无症状感染者。病例男女性别比为1∶1,年龄中位数为32岁。3例为武汉市居民,2例有武汉市旅行史,3例有随州市旅行史,1例杭州市旅行史和1例泰国旅行史(回国同机有2名武汉市乘客);其中7例自行就诊时发现,3例在隔离过程中发现。病例临床症状以发热、干咳、乏力为主,发病到确诊间隔时间中位数为3 d。截至3月3日,10例病例均治愈出院,病程中位数为24 d。共搜索发现密切接触者312人,均14 d后解除隔离医学观察。结论 湖州市采取“外防输入,内防扩散”的措施积极有效,10例COVID-19确诊病例均为输入病例,主要输入地为武汉市,未发生本地传播。
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金玫华
沈建勇
付云
刘光涛
刘艳
杨中荣
任飞林
徐德顺
陈利强
邹勇
董晓莲
邵斌
刘斌
关键词 新型冠状病毒肺炎严重急性呼吸道综合征冠状病毒2型输入病例流行特征    
AbstractObjective To learn the epidemiological characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19)in Huzhou,so as to provide reference for prevention and control of COVID-19. Methods All the confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Huzhou,diagnosed according to the COVID-19 Diagnosis and Treatment Plan(Sixth Version Trial)and reported from January 25 to February 7,2020,were recruited. The process of diagnosis and treatment,clinical manifestation,exposure history and close contacts were collected to analyze the epidemiological characteristics. Results On January 25,the first confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Huzhou was reported. By February 7,totally 10 confirmed cases were reported and no asymptomatic infection was found. They were all imported,including three Wuhan residents,two with a trip to Wuhan,three with a trip to Suizhou,one with a trip to Hangzhou and one with a trip to Thailand(two Wuhan passengers on the same flight). The ratio of male to female cases was 1∶1. The median age was 32 years old. Seven cases were found when they went to a doctor by themselves,and three cases were found during the quarantine. The main clinical manifestations were fever,dry cough and fatigue. The median time from onset to diagnosis was 3 days. By March 3,all the cases were discharged,with median course of 24 days. There were 312 close contacts,and all of them were released after 14 days of quarantine. Conclusions To prevent imported cases from outside and stop spread inside taken by Huzhou government was proved to be effective. All the COVID-19 cases in Huzhou were imported,mostly from Wuhan. No local cases were reported.
Key wordscoronavirus disease 2019    severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2    imported case    epidemiological characteristics
收稿日期: 2020-03-08      出版日期: 2020-05-12
ZTFLH:  R181.3  
  R563.1  
通信作者: 沈建勇,E-mail:shenjianyong520@126.com   
作者简介: 金玫华,本科,主任医师,主要从事传染病预防控制工作
引用本文:   
金玫华, 沈建勇, 付云, 刘光涛, 刘艳, 杨中荣, 任飞林, 徐德顺, 陈利强, 邹勇, 董晓莲, 邵斌, 刘斌. 湖州市新型冠状病毒肺炎病例流行特征分析[J]. 预防医学, 2020, 32(5): 433-436.
JIN Meihua, SHEN Jianyong, FU Yun, LIU Guangtao, LIU Yan, YANG Zhongrong, REN Feilin, XU Deshun, CHEN Liqiang, ZOU Yong, DONG Xiaolian, SHAO Bin, LIU Bin. Epidemiological characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in Huzhou. Preventive Medicine, 2020, 32(5): 433-436.
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http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2020.05.001      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2020/V32/I5/433
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