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预防医学  2017, Vol. 29 Issue (12): 1203-1206    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn1007-0931.2017.12.004
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
社区中老年人营养知信行水平调查
王黎荔1,林丹1,邵永强1,陈加档2,高四海1,山若青1,蔡圆圆1
1.温州市疾病预防控制中心,浙江 温州 325000;
2.温州市鹿城区疾病预防控制中心
An investigation on knowledge,attitude,behavior about nutrition among elderly residents in 2 communities in Wenzhou City
WANG Li-li,LIN Dan,SHAO Yong-qiang,CHEN Jia-dang,GAO Si-hai,SHAN Ruo-qing,CAI Yuan-yuan
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Wenzhou City,Wenzhou,Zhejiang,325000,China
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摘要 目的 了解温州市社区中老年人对《中国居民膳食指南》(2007版)相关营养知识知信行现状,探索社区老年人营养干预的有效途径。方法 于2014年12月—2015年1月采取自愿参与原则纳入温州市2个社区784名>50岁中老年人进行《中国居民膳食指南》相关营养知识、态度和行为问卷调查,并采用多重线性回归分析营养知识知晓率的影响因素。结果 温州市社区中老年人营养知识总知晓率为58.28%,其中健康烹饪方式知晓率最高(89.29%),食用碘盐作用知晓率最低(0.89%)。53.06%的调查对象对营养知识感兴趣,14.54%认为自己掌握或熟悉营养知识,39.54%认为掌握营养知识对健康有很大或较大影响,76.53%愿意改变有害健康的饮食习惯;调查对象主要从电视或广播获得营养知识,占50.89%。蔬菜类和鱼类摄入频率较高,每天食用分别占88.01%和62.63%;奶类及其制品和豆类及其制品摄入频率较低,每天食用分别占21.43%和15.43%。多重线性回归分析结果显示,女性、文化程度高、子女人数少、已婚且配偶健在和以社会保险(含低保)为经济来源对营养知识得分起正向作用。结论 温州市中老年人营养知识知晓率为58.28%,营养健康信念较好,但奶类及其制品和豆类及其制品摄入频率较低。
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王黎荔
林丹
邵永强
陈加档
高四海
山若青
蔡圆圆
关键词 中老年人中国居民膳食指南知信行营养    
AbstractObjective To investigate the knowledge,attitude,behavior about Dietary Guidelines for Chinese(2007) among elderly residents in 2 communities in Wenzhou City,and to exoplore the appropriate method for dietary intervention for elderly people. Methods A questionnaire survey was carried out in 784 people aged 50 years and above in two communities in Wenzhou from December,2014 to January,2015 about Dietary Guidelines for Chinese(2007).The awareness of knowledge,attitude and behavior about nutrition were recorded,and multiple linear regressions were taken to evaluate the impression of knowledge. Results The awareness rate of knowledge was 58.28%,and the awareness about 'Which is the healthiest way to cook?' was the hot question (89.29%)while 'Which disease can be prevented by eating iodized salt?' was not(0.89%). And 53.06% of respondents interested in nutrient knowledge,and 14.54% of them thought they had learned the knowledge about nutrition,and 39.54% of them thought knowledge had impact on health,and 76.53% of them would like to change their unhealthy dietary behavior. About 50.89% of respondents got knowledge about nutrition from TV or radio programs. Intake frequency about vegetables and fish were 88.01% and 62.63% respectively,while intake frequency about milk and milk products and beans and their products were 21.43% and 15.43% respectively. Multiple linear regression promoted that,female,a high degree of education,less number of offspring,people who had married,people whose income came from social insurance had positive impact on the awareness rate of knowledge. Conclusion The awareness rate of knowledge among elderly people was low,and intake frequency about milk and milk products and beans and their products were efficient. But they would like to change their unhealthy behavior. Long-term education about nutrition should be taken for elderly people.
Key wordsCommunity    Elderly people    Dietary Guidelines for Chinese    KAP
     出版日期: 2017-12-07
ZTFLH:  R151.42  
基金资助:温州市科技计划项目(Y20140442)
通信作者: 王黎荔,E-mail:liliwang.lili@163.com   
作者简介: 王黎荔,硕士,主管医师,主要从事营养与食品卫生工作
引用本文:   
王黎荔,林丹,邵永强,陈加档,高四海,山若青,蔡圆圆. 社区中老年人营养知信行水平调查[J]. 预防医学, 2017, 29(12): 1203-1206.
WANG Li-li,LIN Dan,SHAO Yong-qiang,CHEN Jia-dang,GAO Si-hai,SHAN Ruo-qing,CAI Yuan-yuan. An investigation on knowledge,attitude,behavior about nutrition among elderly residents in 2 communities in Wenzhou City. Preventive Medicine, 2017, 29(12): 1203-1206.
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http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn1007-0931.2017.12.004      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2017/V29/I12/1203
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