Abstract：Objective To learn the quality of life (QOL) and mental health status of the physically disabled people in Zhejiang Province, in order to provide evidence for improving the quality of life and mental health of the physically disabled people. Methods Using questionnaires and interviews to make household surveys of 950 physically disabled people. The questionnaire included the brief quality of life scale (SF-36) and the general health questionnaire (GHQ-28) in the anxiety and depression scale, physical and mental health status. The basic information and other living conditions of physically disabled people were collected through interviews. Results A total of 907 valid questionnaires were recovered,and the effective response rate was 95.47% . Scores of QOL of 907 physically disabled people was 60.89, and anxiety and depression scores were more than 4 points and there was a high score on anxious and depression. The scores of quality of life, anxiety and depression were not statistically significant between males and females(P＞0.05). There were significant differences in all dimensions of SF-36 and anxiety and depression in different levels of physically disabled people(P﹤0.01). There was a significant negative correlation between the quality of life and anxiety and depression in physically disabled people(rs= - 0.626、- 0.639,P﹤0.01).The multiple linear regression showed that physiological function, role physical, physical pain and general health were the influencing factors of anxiety of the physically disabled people, and role physical, physical pain and general health were the influencing factors of depression of the physically disabled people. Conclusion The quality of life of physically disabled people were comparably poor, and presented anxiety, depression and other psychological problems.Physical function status directly affects the quality of life and mental health status.
杜亚男,邱纪方,邢赛春. 浙江省肢体残疾人生活质量及心理健康状况调查[J]. 预防医学, 2017, 29(2): 121-124.
DU Ya-nan, QIU Ji-fang, XING Sai-chun. An investigation on the life quality and mental health statusof the disabled people in Zhejiang Province. Preventive Medicine, 2017, 29(2): 121-124.