Abstract：Objective To analyze the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis patients complicated by diabetes mellitus (PTB-DM), so as to provide insights into PTB-DM control. Methods The data pertaining to PTB cases in Quzhou City from 2016 to 2020 were extracted from Tuberculosis Information Management System of Chinese Disease Prevention and Control Information System. The demographic features, diagnosis and treatment of PTB-DM patients were descriptively analyzed, and compared with PTB patients. Results The incidence of PTB-DM was 6.79/105 to 9.27/105 in Quzhou City from 2016 to 2020, with an annual increase rate of 8.09%. Among all PTB-DM patients, there were 674 men (76.94%), 620 cases at ages of 60 years and older (70.78%), 564 cases living in urban areas (64.38%), 619 farmers (70.66%), 537 cases with delay in healthcare-seeking (61.30%), 802 treatment-naïve cases (91.55%), 547 cases positive for pathogenic tests (62.44%), 11 cases with rifampicin resistance (1.26%), 695 cases with negative conversion of sputum smears 2 months post-treatment (79.34%), and 783 cases with successful treatment (89.38%). The proportions of men, ages of 60 years and older, living in urban areas, farmers, delay in healthcare-seeking, positive pathogenic tests and rifampicin resistance were significantly higher among PTB-DM patients than among PTB patients, and the negative conversion rate of sputum smears 2 months post-treatment was significantly lower among PTB-DM patients than among PTB patients (all P<0.05). Conclusions The incidence of PTB-DM increased year by year in Quzhou City from 2016 to 2020, and PTB-DM cases were predominantly found among elderly men. The proportion of delay in healthcare-seeking, positive pathogenic tests and rifampicin resistance was higher among PTB-DM patients than among PTB patients.
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