Abstract：Objective To understand the situation of inoculation and influencing factors of children in the Xicheng District of Beijing after the enterovirus 71（EV71）vaccine was marketed .Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among the parents of children aged 6 to 35 months in the vaccination clinics in Xicheng District from May to September 2017. Demographic characteristics,awareness of hand-foot-mouth disease and EV71 vaccine,the access to these knowledge,acceptance of the vaccine price and advice on the management were collected. The influencing factors for EV71 vaccination were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression .Results There were 1 850 out of 1 885 parents investigated,with the effective rate of 98.14%. The EV71 vaccination rate of children aged 6 to 35 months was 27.03%. The awareness rate of hand-foot-mouth disease and EV71 vaccine in parents was 55.95%. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that the parents with the annual household income of 50 000 yuan and above （OR50 000 yuan- =2.665,95%CI：1.535-4.628;OR100 000 yuan-=4.732,95%CI：2.830-7.914;OR200 000 yuan-=3.576,95%CI：2.084-6.135）,with acceptance of 100 yuan and above in the price of the vaccine （OR100 yuan-= 9.487,95%CI：6.873-13.096;OR200 yuan-=5.940,95%CI：3.465-10.183;OR300-500 yuan-=2.415,95%CI：1.183-4.933）,with more than two sources of the information for EV71 vaccine （OR=3.062,95%CI：2.306-4.065）,without the care about the management of the EV71 vaccine（OR=1.650,95%CI：1.156-2.356）were more likely to have their children vaccinated;while the parents who lived in bungalows and cabinets （OR=0.589,95%CI：0.386-0.899）,who were medical staff（OR=0.240,95%CI：0.118-0.487）,who were not residents of Beijing（OR=0.587,95%CI：0.399-0.863）,who had more than one children （OR=0.338,95%CI：0.236-0.483） were less likely to have their children vaccinated .Conclusion The parents of children aged below three years in Xicheng District of Beijing should improve their awareness of hand-foot-mouth disease and EV71 vaccine. The vaccination rate of EV71 were mainly related to the registration,occupation,number of children, household income,the access to the information about vaccine,acceptance of the vaccine price and advice on the management in parents.
孙景, 李依恬, 初艳慧. 西城区3岁以下儿童EV71疫苗接种影响因素分析[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(1): 46-50.
SUN Jing-yi, LI Yi-tian, CHU Yan-hui. Influencing factors for enterovirus 71 vaccination among children aged below 3 years in Xicheng District. Preventive Medicine, 2019, 31(1): 46-50.