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预防医学  2017, Vol. 29 Issue (5): 433-437    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn1007-0931.2017.05.001
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
杭州市老年人主观幸福感及影响因素分析
印雪芬1, 虞哲彬2, 鲍成臻2, 杨佳琦1
1. 杭州市拱墅区米市巷街道社区卫生服务中心,浙江 杭州 310005;
2. 浙江大学医学院
A study on subjective well-being status and influencing factors among old people in Hangzhou City
YIN Xue-fen1, YU Zhe-bin2, BAO Cheng-zhen2, YANG Jia-qi2
Mishixiang Community Health Service Center,Hangzhou,Zhejiang,310005,China
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摘要 目的 了解杭州市老年人主观幸福感,分析其影响因素,为提高老年人主观幸福感提供依据。方法 采用分层抽样方法抽取杭州市≥60岁正常老年人进行问卷调查,内容包括基本情况、行为习惯、社会因素,同时采用费城老年人中心信心量表(PGCMS)测量主观幸福感,比较不同年龄、性别和文化程度等老年人主观幸福感得分差异,分析影响因素。结果 调查≥60岁社区老年人429人,男性214人,女性215人,主观幸福感量表的中位数MQR)为14.0(2.0)分。主观幸福感男性高于女性(P<0.01),经历负性生活事件者低于未经历的(P<0.01),目前吸烟者高于不吸烟者(P<0.01);不同年龄、婚姻状况老年人主观幸福感得分比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01),不同地区、教育程度、个人年均收入老年人主观幸福感得分比较,差异均无统计学意义。同居者人数、睡眠质量和“会支持你决定的社会角色数”等7个社会因素与老年人主观幸福感均呈正相关(P<0.05)。多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示,女性、丧偶、经历负性生活事件对老年人主观幸福感有消极影响,睡眠质量好、同居者数量及能提供外界信息的社会角色数的增加对老年人主观幸福感有积极影响。结论 杭州市老年人的主观幸福感水平较高,睡眠质量高,与子女、伴侣、朋友等同居者和(或)社会角色多是老年人主观幸福感高的保护因素。
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印雪芬
虞哲彬
鲍成臻
杨佳琦
关键词 老年人主观幸福感社会支持    
AbstractObjective To analyze the subjective well-being of the aged and to explore its influencing factors in Hangzhou City to provide evidence for improving the subjective well-being of the aged. Method A total of 60 years old and above healthy people in Hangzhou were selected as research objects. Stratified random sampling was used according to age and gender. Face to face interview was conducted using a structured questionnaire. The content of the interview included subjective well-being,behavioral habits,and demographics. Statistical methods contains Wilcoxon signed-rank test,Kruskal-Wallis H test and Spearman rank correlation. Logistic regression was used to select influencing factors of subjective well-being. Results A total of 429 samples were used in the analysis according to inclusion and exclusion criterion. The mean score of subjective well-being was 14.0±2.0,and the result of logistic regression shows that gender,marriage status,the number of people living together,whether experienced negative life events,the number of people that can provide information were important factors of subjective well-being. Conclusions The level of subjective well-being of elderly people in Hangzhou was high. The government and society should improve SWB among the aged by providing more psychological guidance and more social support.
Key wordsThe aged    Subjective well-being    Social support
收稿日期: 2016-11-29      出版日期: 2017-10-27
ZTFLH:  R395  
基金资助:国家科技基础性工作专项重点项目(2015FY111600)
通信作者: 杨佳琦,E-mail:yajaqa@163.com   
作者简介: 印雪芬,本科,主管医师,主要从事基本公共卫生和社区卫生管理工作
引用本文:   
印雪芬, 虞哲彬, 鲍成臻, 杨佳琦. 杭州市老年人主观幸福感及影响因素分析[J]. 预防医学, 2017, 29(5): 433-437.
YIN Xue-fen, YU Zhe-bin, BAO Cheng-zhen, YANG Jia-qi. A study on subjective well-being status and influencing factors among old people in Hangzhou City. Preventive Medicine, 2017, 29(5): 433-437.
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