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预防医学  2017, Vol. 29 Issue (2): 125-127    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn1007-0931.2017.02.005
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
责任护士心理资本与健康促进生活方式关系研究
余兰仙1,高静芳1 ,张莹1 ,易红梅2 ,李华3 ,叶红芳4
1.浙江中医药大学附属第一医院,浙江杭州 310006;
2.浙江中医药大学附属第二医院;
3.浙江中医药大学附属第三医院;
4.浙江中医药大学
A study on the status and relationship of the psychologicalcapital and health promoting lifestyle among duty nurses
YU Lan-xian,GAO Jing-fang,ZHANG Ying,YI Hong-mei, LI Hua,YE Hong-fang
The First Affiliated Hospital to Zhejiang Chinese Medical University,Hangzhou,Zhejiang,310006,China
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摘要 目的 分析责任护士心理资本与健康促进生活方式的关系。方法 采用护士心理资本问卷、健康促进生活方式量表和自制问卷,对浙江中医药大学附属的3家三级甲等中医医院的527名责任护士进行问卷调查,采用Pearson相关分析责任护士健康促进方式与心理资本的相关性,采用多元线性回归分析责任护士心理资本的影响因素。结果 责任护士心理资本为(79.66±14.07)分,各维度按得分率由高到低为自我效能(67.81%)、韧性(66.47%)、乐观(66.17%)和希望(65.00%);健康生活方式为(60.38±17.71)分,各维度按得分率由高到低为职业安全(68.14%)、自我实现(62.77%)、人际支持发展(60.99%)、均衡饮食(58.70%)和运动保健(34.32%)。相关分析结果显示,健康生活方式各维度得分及总得分与心理资本各维度得分及总得分均呈正相关(P<0.05);多元线性回归分析结果显示,健康促进生活方式中自我实现(t=6.038,P<0.01)和职业安全(t=3.674,P<0.01)得分是责任护士心理资本的影响因素。结论 责任护士健康促进生活方式与心理资本有关联性,其中自我实现和职业安全心理资本具有促进作用。
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余兰仙
高静芳
张莹
易红梅
李华
叶红芳
关键词 责任护士心理资本健康促进生活方式    
AbstractObjective To learn current status of psychological capital and health-promoting lifestyle among duty nurses, and to analyze their relationship. Methods A total of 527 duty nurses from tertiary referral hospital affiliated to Zhejiang Chinese Medical University were selected and investigated using rating scale with Nurses' Psychological Capital Questionnaire, health-promoting lifestyle questionnaire and a self-designed questionnaire about demographic information. We process the result by pearson correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis.Results Overall respondents showed high psychological capital scores(79.66±14.07), and the four dimension scores rated in sequence were self-efficiency(67.81%), resilience(66.47%), optimism(66.17%), hope(65.00%). Overall score in health-promoting lifestyle was (60.38±17.71). The five dimension scores rated in sequence were occupational safety(68.14%),self-actualization(62.77%),development of interpersonal support(60.99%),balanced diet(58.70%),sports health care(34.32%). The result of pearson correlation analysis showed positive correlation between psychological capital and health-promoting lifestyle among duty nurses(P<0.05).Self-realization and occupational safety has important influence on psychological capital. Conclusions Health-promoting lifestyle was an important influencing factor of psychological capital. Effective strategies should be implemented to combine elevation of psychological capital and healthpromoting lifestyle, to promote better physical and mental health and to obtain holistic health care quality.
Key wordsHolistic health care    Duty nurses    Psychological capital    Health-promoting lifestyle
收稿日期: 2016-06-27      出版日期: 2017-11-21
ZTFLH:  R47  
基金资助:浙江省卫生厅科研基金(2014KYB173;2015KYB261)
通信作者: 高静芳,E-mail:gjingfang@hotmail.com   
作者简介: 余兰仙,本科,副主任护师,主要从事临床心理学研究工作
引用本文:   
余兰仙,高静芳 ,张莹 ,易红梅 ,李华 ,叶红芳. 责任护士心理资本与健康促进生活方式关系研究[J]. 预防医学, 2017, 29(2): 125-127.
YU Lan-xian,GAO Jing-fang,ZHANG Ying,YI Hong-mei, LI Hua,YE Hong-fang. A study on the status and relationship of the psychologicalcapital and health promoting lifestyle among duty nurses. Preventive Medicine, 2017, 29(2): 125-127.
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http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn1007-0931.2017.02.005      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2017/V29/I2/125
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