Abstract：Objective To learn the status of knowledge,attitude and behaviors of road traffic safety in primary and secondary school students in Xiacheng District of Hangzhou. Methods The students of fourth to seventh grade from seven schools in Xiacheng District were selected and surveyed for their knowledge,attitude and behaviors of road traffic safety by self-designed questionnaires. Results Totally 4 006（99.98%）students completed the survey,who mostly had awareness rates of over 90% in knowledge about safe behaviors when walking,walking across the road and riding a bicycle or an electric bicycle. The awareness rates of “should not run across the road”, “should not ride side by side”and“should not ride on the motorway”were relatively low,which were 81.65%,85.72% and 82.78%,respectively. About 68.47% of students thought it necessary to wear a helmet when riding a bicycle or an electric bicycle,72.22% of students thought it necessary to wear seatbelt or use child safety seat when taking a car. The two rates were significantly higher in girls than boys and in primary school students than secondary school students（P<0.05）. The top three unsafe behaviors the students did in the past six months were“not wear a helmet when riding a bicycle or an electric bicycle”,“run across the road”and“ride on the motorway”,the rates of which were 86.84%,10.06% and 7.91%,respectively. Conclusion The knowledge of road traffic safety among primary and middle school students in Xiacheng District is mastered well. Interventions should be focused on unsafe behaviors including not wearing a helmet when cycling,riding on the motorway and running cross the road.
何宝华, 周晓红, 席胜军, 王峥, 钟节鸣, 郭丽花, 赵鸣. 下城区中小学生道路交通安全知信行调查[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(9): 877-881.
HE Bao-hua, ZHOU Xiao-hong, XI Sheng-jun, WANG Zheng, ZHONG Jie-ming, GUO Li-hua, ZHAO Ming. Knowledge,attitude and behaviors of road traffic safety in primary and secondary school students in Xiacheng District. Preventive Medicine, 2019, 31(9): 877-881.
ZEEDYK M S,KELLY L L.Behavioral observations of adult-child pairs at pedestrian crossings[J]. Accid Anal Prev,2003,35(5):771-776.
TODOROVIC M,VUKCEVIC B,CABARKAPA M,et al.The assessment of airbag deployment and seatbelt use in preventing facial injuries[J]. Forensic Sci Med Pathol,2018,14(4):503-508.
RENSON A,MUSSER B,SCHUBERT F D,et al.Seatbelt use is associated with lower risk of high-grade hepatic injury in motor vehicle crashes in a national sample[J]. J Epidemiol Community Health,2018,72(8):746-751.
LAYRISSE V,GARCIA-RODRIGUEZ O,RAMOS-MELENDEZ E,et al.A comparative analysis of the injury patterns and in-hospital mortality rates of belted and unbelted motor-vehicle occupants-Puerto Rico,January 2000 to December 2014[J]. P R Health Sci J,2018,37(4):213-219.
FOUDA MBARGA N,ABUBAKARI A R,AMINDE L N,et al.Seatbelt use and risk of major injuries sustained by vehicle occupants during motor-vehicle crashes:a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies[J]. BMC Public Health,2018,18(1):1413.
HUANG Y H,ZHANG W,MURPHY L,et al.Attitudes and behavior of Chinese drivers regarding seatbelt use[J]. Accid Anal Prev,2011,43(3):889-897.
RICE T M,ANDERSON C L.The effectiveness of child restraint systems for children aged 3 years or younger during motor vehicle collisions:1996 to 2005[J]. Am J Public Health,2009,99(2):252-257.
SCHWEBEL D C,STAVRINOS D,BYINGTON K W,et al.Distraction and pedestrian safety:how talking on the phone,texting,and listening to music impact crossing the street[J]. Accid Anal Prev,2012,45:266-271.
JIANG K,LING F,FENG Z,et al.Effects of mobile phone distraction on pedestrians' crossing behavior and visual attention allocation at a signalized intersection:An outdoor experimental study[J]. Accid Anal Prev,2018,115:170-177.
FITZPATRICK D G,GOH M,HOWLETT D C,et al.Bicycle helmets are protective against facial injuries,including facial fractures:a meta-analysis[J]. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg,2018, 47(9):1121-1125.
FORBES A E,SCHUTZER-WEISSMANN J,MENASSA D A,et al.Head injury patterns in helmeted and non-helmeted cyclists admitted to a London Major Trauma Centre with serious head injury[J]. PLoS One,2017,12(9):e0185367.