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预防医学  2019, Vol. 31 Issue (9): 877-881    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2019.09.004
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
下城区中小学生道路交通安全知信行调查
何宝华1, 周晓红1, 席胜军1, 王峥1, 钟节鸣2, 郭丽花2, 赵鸣2
1.杭州市下城区疾病预防控制中心,浙江 杭州 310003;
2.浙江省疾病预防控制中心
Knowledge,attitude and behaviors of road traffic safety in primary and secondary school students in Xiacheng District
HE Bao-hua*, ZHOU Xiao-hong, XI Sheng-jun, WANG Zheng, ZHONG Jie-ming, GUO Li-hua, ZHAO Ming
*Xiacheng Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Hangzhou,Zhejiang 310003,China
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摘要 目的 了解杭州市下城区中小学生道路交通安全的知识、态度和行为情况。方法 采用整群抽样方法抽取下城区7所学校4~9年级在校学生,采用自行设计的问卷调查一般人口学信息及道路交通安全知识、态度和行为情况。结果 共发放问卷4 007份,回收有效问卷4 006份,问卷有效率为99.98%。步行、步行横穿马路、骑自行车/电动自行车方面的交通安全知识知晓率大部分在90%以上,步行横穿马路时不应跑步通过、骑自行车/电动自行车时不能与同学并排骑行、不能在机动车道骑行的知晓率相对较低,分别为81.65%、85.72%和82.78%。骑自行车/电动自行车需要佩戴头盔和乘坐汽车需要系安全带或使用儿童安全座椅的态度持有率分别为68.47%和72.22%,女生高于男生,小学生高于初中生(均P<0.05)。过去6个月骑自行车/电动自行车不佩戴头盔行为持有率最高,为86.84%;其次为步行横穿马路时跑步通过,持有率为10.06%;在机动车道骑行,持有率为7.91%。结论 下城区中小学生道路交通安全知识知晓水平较高,但需针对横穿马路时跑步通过、骑自行车/电动自行车不佩戴头盔、在机动车道骑行等不安全行为进行重点干预。
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何宝华
周晓红
席胜军
王峥
钟节鸣
郭丽花
赵鸣
关键词 道路交通安全知识态度行为学生    
AbstractObjective To learn the status of knowledge,attitude and behaviors of road traffic safety in primary and secondary school students in Xiacheng District of Hangzhou. Methods The students of fourth to seventh grade from seven schools in Xiacheng District were selected and surveyed for their knowledge,attitude and behaviors of road traffic safety by self-designed questionnaires. Results Totally 4 006(99.98%)students completed the survey,who mostly had awareness rates of over 90% in knowledge about safe behaviors when walking,walking across the road and riding a bicycle or an electric bicycle. The awareness rates of “should not run across the road”, “should not ride side by side”and“should not ride on the motorway”were relatively low,which were 81.65%,85.72% and 82.78%,respectively. About 68.47% of students thought it necessary to wear a helmet when riding a bicycle or an electric bicycle,72.22% of students thought it necessary to wear seatbelt or use child safety seat when taking a car. The two rates were significantly higher in girls than boys and in primary school students than secondary school students(P<0.05). The top three unsafe behaviors the students did in the past six months were“not wear a helmet when riding a bicycle or an electric bicycle”,“run across the road”and“ride on the motorway”,the rates of which were 86.84%,10.06% and 7.91%,respectively. Conclusion The knowledge of road traffic safety among primary and middle school students in Xiacheng District is mastered well. Interventions should be focused on unsafe behaviors including not wearing a helmet when cycling,riding on the motorway and running cross the road.
Key wordsRoad traffic safety    Knowledge    Attitude    Behavior    Students
收稿日期: 2019-05-23      出版日期: 2019-09-02
ZTFLH:  R195  
通信作者: 周晓红,E-mail:26724030@qq.com   
作者简介: 何宝华,本科,主管医师,主要从事慢性病管理工作
引用本文:   
何宝华, 周晓红, 席胜军, 王峥, 钟节鸣, 郭丽花, 赵鸣. 下城区中小学生道路交通安全知信行调查[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(9): 877-881.
HE Bao-hua, ZHOU Xiao-hong, XI Sheng-jun, WANG Zheng, ZHONG Jie-ming, GUO Li-hua, ZHAO Ming. Knowledge,attitude and behaviors of road traffic safety in primary and secondary school students in Xiacheng District. Preventive Medicine, 2019, 31(9): 877-881.
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http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2019.09.004      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2019/V31/I9/877
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