Abstract：Objective To investigate the behavior problems and influencing factors of school-age students from the third to the sixth grade in Zhongshan,and to provide evidence for early intervention of behavior problems in children. Methods According to the proportion of population in urban area and township in Zhongshan,students of Grade Three to Six from eight primary schools（three in urban area and five in township）were recruited by stratified sampling method. The behavior problems in children were assessed by the Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire（PSQ）. Sociodemographic information,family discipline and so on was investigated by a general questionnaire. The influencing factors for behavior problems were analyzed by a logistic regression model. Results A total of 2 292 questionnaires were issued,and 2 236 valid questionnaires were recycled,with an effective rate of 97.56%. The positive rate of behavioral problems was 11.72%. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors for behavior problems were females（OR=1.594,95%CI：1.170-2.171）,birth asphyxia（OR=2.372,95%CI：1.320-4.261）,main family discipline（laissez-faire：OR=3.326,95%CI：1.450-7.630;doting：OR=3.244,95%CI：1.867-5.638;autocratic：OR=2.609,95%CI：1.584-4.296,mixed：OR=2.313,95%CI：1.669- 3.207）,less than four hours per week for father-child communication（OR=1.551,95%CI：1.052-2.286）,negative life events（OR=2.188,95%CI：1.448-3.308）,living in township（OR=2.031,95%CI：1.330-3.102）,academic performance （average：OR=2.786,95%CI：1.868-4.156;poor：OR=6.665,95%CI：3.236-13.727;very poor：OR=25.068,95%CI：5.786-108.617）;the protective factors were occupation of mother as civil servants or professional personnel（OR=0.449,95%CI：0.238-0.844）and higher grades（Grade Five：OR=0.496,95%CI：0.339-0.727;Grade Six：OR=0.468,95%CI：0.309-0.710）. Conclusion Females,birth asphyxia,main family discipline,less communication between father and child,occupation of mother,negative life events,place of residence,academic performance and grade were the influencing factors for behavior problems.