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预防医学  2020, Vol. 32 Issue (4): 342-346    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2020.04.005
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
通州区18岁及以下居民营养素补充剂服用情况调查
苏彦萍1, 徐杰2, 江南1, 王艳春1
1.北京市通州区疾病预防控制中心,北京 101100;
2.内蒙古医科大学
Consumption of nutritional supplements among the residents aged eighteen years and below in Tongzhou District
SU Yanping, Xu Jie, JIANG Nan, WANG Yanchun
Tongzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 101100,China
全文: PDF(454 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 目的 了解北京市通州区18岁及以下居民营养素补充剂服用情况,为重点人群营养素补充剂暴露量评估和营养健康教育提供依据。方法 以北京市通州区通州镇8个居委会各100名18岁及以下居民为调查对象,采用中国营养学会“居民营养素补充剂使用指南研究专项”《中国居民补充营养素行为调查问卷》入户调查,分析营养素补充剂服用率及影响因素、服用种类和服用频率等。结果 18岁及以下居民营养素补充剂服用率为44.16%;0~5岁、6~12岁和13~18岁居民服用率分别为45.56%、42.86%和41.00%,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);男性服用率为44.82%,女性为43.49%,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示,家庭年人均收入>5万元(OR=1.688,95%CI:1.171~2.435)和父母服用营养素补充剂(OR=4.104,95%CI:3.023~5.573)是18岁及以下居民服用营养素补充剂的促进因素。钙、维生素D和复合维生素服用率较高,分别为26.10%、21.56%和8.31%;服用种数以1~2种为主,272人占80.00%;服用频率以几乎每天为主,200人占58.82%。结论 通州区18岁及以下居民营养素补充剂服用率为44.16%;服用营养素补充剂与家庭经济条件、父母是否服用营养素补充剂有关;以服用钙和维生素D补充剂为主。
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苏彦萍
徐杰
江南
王艳春
关键词 营养素补充剂学龄人群家庭因素    
AbstractObjective To understand the consumption of nutritional supplements among the residents aged eighteen years and below in Tongzhou District of Beijing,so as to provide reference for supplements exposure assessment and health education. Methods A hundred people aged 18 years and below were selected from each of the eight neighborhood committees of Tongzhou Town,Tongzhou District,Beijing. The questionnaire for the Nutritional Supplements Guidelines for Chinese Residents Study was used to collect the rate of taking nutritional supplements,influencing factors,types and frequency. Results The rate of taking nutritional supplements was 44.16%. The rates of taking nutritional supplements in people aged 0-5 years,6-12 years and 13-18 years were 45.56%,42.86% and 41.00%,respectively,without statistically significant difference among them (P>0.05). The rates of taking nutritional supplements in males and females were 44.82% and 43.49%,without statistically significant difference between them (P>0.05). The Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that annual per capita household income of more than 50 000 yuan (OR=1.688,95%CI: 1.171-2.435) and parents taking nutritional supplements (OR=4.104,95%CI: 3.023-5.573) were the promoting factors for the intake of nutritional supplements in people aged 18 years and below. The rates of taking calcium,vitamin D and multivitamin were 26.10%,21.56% and 8.31%,respectively. There were 272 (80.00%) people taking 1-2 kinds of supplements,and 200 (58.82%) people taking them daily. Conclusions In Tongzhou District,44.16% of the population aged 18 years and below takes nutritional supplements,mainly calcium and vitamin D. Family income and whether their parents taking or not are determinants.
Key wordsnutritional supplements    school-age population    family-related factors
收稿日期: 2019-10-31      出版日期: 2020-04-16
ZTFLH:  R153.2  
  R179  
通信作者: 苏彦萍,E-mail:yanping1127@126.com   
作者简介: 苏彦萍,本科,副主任医师,主要从事营养与食品卫生工作
引用本文:   
苏彦萍, 徐杰, 江南, 王艳春. 通州区18岁及以下居民营养素补充剂服用情况调查[J]. 预防医学, 2020, 32(4): 342-346.
SU Yanping, Xu Jie, JIANG Nan, WANG Yanchun. Consumption of nutritional supplements among the residents aged eighteen years and below in Tongzhou District. Preventive Medicine, 2020, 32(4): 342-346.
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http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2020.04.005      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2020/V32/I4/342
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