Abstract：Objective To learn the activities of daily living（ADL）of the elderly in Chongqing and its influencing factors,so as to provide basis for developing ADL intervention measures for the elderly. Methods Multi-stage sampling method was used to select the elderly aged 65 years or over from 2-3 communities each in 11 districts or counties of Chongqing. They were surveyed by ADL scale including physical activities of daily living（PADL）and instrumental activities of daily living（IADL）. The influencing factors for ADL disability were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression models. Results Totally 1 341 valid questionnaires out of 1 400 distributed were recovered,with a response rate of 95.79%. There were 596（44.44%）people with ADL disability,among whom 321（53.86%）cases were mild and 275（46.14%）cases were apparently impaired. There were 385（28.71%）suffered from PADL and 575（42.88%）suffered from IADL. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age of 70 years old and over（OR：2.858-7.507,95%CI：2.119-11.816）,not living in downtown（OR=2.073-3.709,95%CI：1.434-5.613）,having commercial insurance（OR=3.202,95%CI：1.419-7.223）and suffering from at least one chronic disease（OR：2.909-5.629,95%CI：1.562-10.681）were the risk factors for ADL disability in the elderly,while having a diploma or above（OR=0.236,95%CI：0.090-0.621）,employing a caregiver（OR=0.466,95%CI：0.260-0.835）and monthly income of 1 000 to less than 4 000 yuan（OR：0.480-0.664,95%CI：0.274-0.923）were the protective factors. Conclusions The rate of ADL impairment is 44.44% in the elderly aged 65 years or over,and is associated with old age,living away from downtown,participation in commercial insurance and suffering from chronic diseases.
张玲, 陈济安, 卢路, 荣红辉, 彭毅. 重庆市老年人日常生活活动能力影响因素研究[J]. 预防医学, 2020, 32(1): 22-26.
ZHANG Ling, CHEN Ji'an, LU Lu, RONG Honghui, PENG Yi. Influencing factors for activities of daily living in the elderly people in Chongqing. Preventive Medicine, 2020, 32(1): 22-26.