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预防医学  2019, Vol. 31 Issue (11): 1112-1115    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2019.11.008
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
绍兴市老年人群慢性病危险因素聚集性分析
黄文,李金,陈奇峰
绍兴市疾病预防控制中心慢病科,浙江 绍兴 312000
Co-prevalence of risk factors for chronic diseases among old people in Shaoxing
HUANG Wen,LI Jin,CHEN Qi-feng
Department of Non-infectious Diseases,Shaoxing Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Shaoxing,Zhejiang 312000,China
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摘要 目的 了解绍兴市≥60岁老年人患慢性病的危险因素聚集性,为制定老年人群慢性病防制策略提供依据。方法 收集2016年浙江省老年人健康监测项目越城区东湖镇5个行政村≥60岁绍兴市户籍居民健康监测资料,分析老年人群中现在吸烟、现在饮酒、超重或肥胖、从不锻炼和静坐行为5种慢性病常见危险因素的聚集个数和聚集模式。结果 共纳入1 427人,现在吸烟、现在饮酒、超重或肥胖、从不锻炼和每日静坐时间≥3 h的持有率分别为15.98%、31.67%、43.73%、73.30%和41.56%。无上述慢性病危险因素的老年人占5.12%;有1种危险因素占24.25%;有2种危险因素占38.75%,以从不锻炼和超重或肥胖聚集为常见模式;有3~5种危险因素占31.88%,其中有3种危险因素以从不锻炼、超重或肥胖和每日静坐时间≥3 h聚集为常见模式,有4种危险因素以现在饮酒、从不锻炼、超重或肥胖和每日静坐时间≥3 h聚集为常见模式。男性、在婚、受教育程度低和无冠心病的老年人具有更多的危险因素(P<0.05)。结论 绍兴市老年人群存在慢性病危险因素聚集现象,以聚集从不锻炼、超重或肥胖、每日静坐时间≥3 h中的2种或3种危险因素较为常见。
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黄文
李金
陈奇峰
关键词 慢性非传染性疾病;老年人;危险因素;聚集性    
AbstractObjective To understand clustering of risk factors for chronic diseases among residents aged 60 years or above in Shaoxing,and to provide evidence for prevention of chronic diseases in the elderly. Methods The data of residents aged 60 years or above in five villages in Donghu Town,Yuecheng District was collected from Zhejiang health surveillance program. The clustering patterns of five common risk factors for chronic diseases in the elderly were analyzed,including smoking,drinking,overweight/obesity,no exercise and sedentary behavior. Results A total of 1 427 old adults were surveyed. The prevalence of smoking,drinking,overweight/obesity,no exercise and sedentary time more than three hours a day were 15.98%,31.67%,43.73%,73.30% and 41.56%,respectively. About 5.12% of the elderly had none of the above risk factors;24.25% had one risk factor;38.75% had two risk factors,with a clustering of no exercise and overweight/obesity as the most common pattern;31.88% had three to five risk factors,with a clustering of no exercise,overweight/obesity,sedentary time more than three hours a day and/or drinking as the most common pattern. Males,the married,the highly educated and the old people without coronary heart disease had more risk factors(P<0.05). Conclusion There are clustering of risk factors for chronic diseases among residents aged 60 years or above in Shaoxing. It is common to combine two or three items of no exercise,overweight/obesity and sedentary time more than three hours a day.
Key wordsChronic disease    Elderly population    Risk factor    Co-prevalence
     出版日期: 2019-11-01
ZTFLH:  R195  
通信作者: 陈奇峰,E-mail:cqf5899@163.com   
作者简介: 黄文,硕士,医师,主要从事慢性病防制工作
引用本文:   
黄文,李金,陈奇峰. 绍兴市老年人群慢性病危险因素聚集性分析[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(11): 1112-1115.
HUANG Wen,LI Jin,CHEN Qi-feng. Co-prevalence of risk factors for chronic diseases among old people in Shaoxing. Preventive Medicine, 2019, 31(11): 1112-1115.
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http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2019.11.008      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2019/V31/I11/1112
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