Prevalence and influencing factors of obesity among people aged 40 years and over in Taizhou
MEI Huijuan*, LI Jing**, XU Yuanyuan, WANG Shanling, LIN Haijiang, CHEN Xiaoxiao
*Sanmen Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Sanmen,Zhejiang 317100,China; **Department of Epidemiology and Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety of Ministry of Education,School of Public Health,Fudan University,Shanghai 200032,China
Abstract：Objective To analyze the prevalence of obesity and its influencing factors among residents aged 40 years and over in Taizhou,so as to provide reference for obesity prevention and control. Methods From June 2014 to May 2015,people who were aged 40 years or above and received routine physical examination in six centers for disease control and prevention in Taizhou were recruited. Demographic characteristics and health relates behaviors were collected by a questionnaire survey;height,weight,waist circumference and hip circumference were collected by physical examination. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to explore the influencing factors for overall obesity and central obesity. Results Totally 1 216 people were investigated,and 1 192 (98.03%) questionnaires were valid. The age of them ranged from 40 to 86 years old,with （51.92±8.91） years old on average. There were 547 males （45.89%） and 645 females （54.11%）. The prevalence rates of overall obesity and central obesity were 6.54% and 60.32%,respectively. The Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that regular physical exercise （OR=0.597, 95%CI： 0.359-0.992） was a protective factor for overall obesity;female （OR=2.352,95%CI： 1.685-3.283）was a risk factor of central obesity;public servants or staff from enterprise and institution（OR=0.508, 95%CI： 0.289-0.892）,drinking （OR=0.637,95%CI：0.471-0.860）,salt intake of less than five grams per day （OR=0.590,95%CI：0.434-0.802）and regular physical exercise （OR=0.760,95%CI：0.583-0.991） were protective factors for central obesity. Conclusion The prevalence rates of overall obesity and central obesity among residents aged 40 years or above in Taizhou were 6.54% and 60.32%, respectively. Gender,occupation,drinking,salt intake and physical exercise were the influencing factors for obesity.
梅慧娟, 李静, 许圆圆, 汪剡灵, 林海江, 陈潇潇. 台州市40岁及以上人群肥胖及影响因素分析[J]. 预防医学, 2020, 32(2): 139-143.
MEI Huijuan, LI Jing, XU Yuanyuan, WANG Shanling, LIN Haijiang, CHEN Xiaoxiao. Prevalence and influencing factors of obesity among people aged 40 years and over in Taizhou. Preventive Medicine, 2020, 32(2): 139-143.