Abstract：Objective To analyze the trend and distribution characteristics of the elderly fall cases in Jiaxing from 2009 to 2018,and to provide evidence for injury prevention and control. Methods The injury monitoring data of Jiaxing sentinel hospitals from 2009 to 2018 was collected and analyzed the demographic features,places,results,involved body parts and severity of the fall cases aged 60 years or over. Results There were 22 494 fall cases aged 60 years or over,accounting for 7.51% of all injury cases,28.79% of all fall cases,and 41.25% of the elderly injury cases. Fall was the first cause for injury among the elderly in Jiaxing. The proportion of the elderly fall cases to all injury cases and all fall cases increased year by year. There were 9 419 males,accounting for 41.87%,and 13 075 females,accounting for 58.13%. The average age was（71.19±8.55）years old in males and（72.59±9.09）years old in females. The falls mainly occurred at home,with 15 874 cases accounting for 70.57%. The falls mainly happened in the free time,with 11 133 cases accounting for 49.49%. The most serious injuries were fractures,with 9 640 cases accounting for 42.86%. The injured parts were mainly lower limbs,with 7 720 cases accounting for 34.32%. Most old fall cases were moderately injured,with 14 223 cases accounting for 63.23%. The difference in the severity of fall among different genders was statistically significant（P<0.05）. Conclusion Fall cases among the elderly in Jiaxing have an increasing trend. Senior age and women are risk factors. Fall mainly results in fractures in lower limbs.
马骏, 李雪琴, 顾伟玲, 陈中文. 嘉兴市老年跌倒病例特征分析[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(9): 865-869.
MA Jun, LI Xue-qin, GU Wei-ling, CHEN Zhong-wen. Characteristics of the elderly fall cases in Jiaxing. Preventive Medicine, 2019, 31(9): 865-869.