Abstract：Objective To investigate a cluster of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Pingyang County,and to put forward targeted prevention and control suggestions. Methods According to the Prevention and Control Plan of COVID-19 (Third Edition),we carried out epidemiological investigation to collect the information of demographic features,diagnosis and treatment,clinical manifestations,laboratory examination,exposure history and close contact. We analyzed the mode and frequency of exposure,so as to figure out the route of transmission. Results This epidemic resulted in 6 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 3 asymptomatic cases,with an attack rate of 6.52% (9/138). The median age of the cases was 48 years old. The confirmed cases mainly had imaging features of pneumonia, fever and cough. Their incubation period ranged from 4 to 9 days,and the median was 6 days. The first case,Wang,returned for the funeral of her grandmother from Wuhan with his husband and son on January 18 and lived with her mother. She had cough on January 19,and went to see her grandmother during January 19 to 23. She had contact with 6 cases,and the other 2 cases were Wang's mother and husband,who lived with Wang. All the cases except Wang had no COVID-19 related symptoms before the funeral,no contact history of COVID-19 cases or no other common exposure history except during the funeral. Therefore,Wang was determined as the source of the epidemic,staying in the same room and eating at the same table with her were risk factors for the infection of COVID-19 in this epidemic (P<0.05). Conclusions This was a local clustering epidemic caused by COVID-19 imported cases from Wuhan. It spread mainly by close contacts like staying in the same room and eating at the same table.
王克顺, 叶志豪, 张定. 平阳县一起新型冠状病毒肺炎聚集性疫情调查[J]. 预防医学, 2020, 32(3): 222-225.
WANG Keshun, YE Zhihao, ZHANG Ding. Investigation on a cluster of coronavirus disease 2019 in Pingyang County. Preventive Medicine, 2020, 32(3): 222-225.