Abstract：Objective To assess the current status of knowledge，attitude and practice （KAP）towards antibiotic use among community residents in Hangzhou，and to explore the correlations among them. Methods A total of 449 permanent residents in Hangzhou were randomly selected using a multistage stratified random sampling method. Self-reported data on basic demographic factors，and relevant KAP information were collected by the questionnaire survey. Differences in KAP scores according to each demographic factor were assessed by the t test or ANOVA test，and AMOS 21.0 was used for the path analysis. Results Scores for knowledge，attitude and practice regarding antibiotic use were（6.17±2.45），（6.45±0.99）and（6.21±1.02）respectively. Results of the path analysis showed that education level and age had effects on the knowledge（coefficients:0.57 and -0.38 respectively）. Age，gender and knowledge had effects on the attitude （coefficients:-0.27，0.12和0.02 respectively），and attitudes，gender，monthly income and the level of education had effects on the practice（coefficients:0.48、0.37、0.06 and 0.02 respectively）. Conclusion Community residents in Hangzhou lack relevant knowledge，and there are some irrational attitudes and practices regarding antibiotic use. There is a correlation between knowledge and attitudes，as well as between attitudes and practices，but the knowledge and practices are not correlated.
江湖大川,金漪,叶佳佳,章亦莹,蒋晨帆,郑卫军. 杭州市社区居民抗生素使用知信行路径分析[J]. 预防医学, 2017, 29(10): 978-982.
JIANG Hu-da-chuan，JIN Yi，YE Jia-jia，ZHANG Yi-ying，JIANG Chen-fan，ZHENG Wei-jun. An analysis on knowledge，attitude and practice regarding antibiotics use among community residents in Hangzhou. Preventive Medicine, 2017, 29(10): 978-982.