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预防医学  2017, Vol. 29 Issue (5): 452-456    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn1007-0931.2017.05.005
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
暗娼人群艾滋病快速检测意愿调查
周欣, 陈琳, 何林, 姜婷婷, 马瞧勤
浙江省疾病预防控制中心,浙江 杭州 310051
An analysis on HIV rapid test demanding among commercial sex workers
ZHOU Xin, CHEN Lin, HE Lin, JIANG Ting-ting, MA Qiao-qin
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310051, China
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摘要 目的 了解暗娼人群接受艾滋病快速检测的意愿及影响因素,为在该人群中推广艾滋病快速检测服务提供依据。方法 采用分层方便抽样法,选取在浙江省温州市和衢州市主城区高、中、低档娱乐场所从事商业性性交易的暗娼人群作为调查对象,进行面对面问卷调查。采用多因素Logistic回归模型分析暗娼人群艾滋病快速检测意愿的影响因素。结果 共调查401名暗娼,其中高档场所136人,中档场所182人,低档场所83人;温州市201人,衢州市200人。调查对象中共有226人愿意接受艾滋病快速检测,占56.36%。多因素Logistic回归分析显示,年龄≥31岁(OR=3.312,95%CI:1.427~7.691)、最近6个月商业性性行为每次使用安全套(OR=4.560, 95%CI:2.348~8.855)、最近1周性伴数>10人(OR=8.767,95%CI:2.993~25.677)和最近1年接受过快速检测服务者(OR=7.784,95%CI:3.108~19.496)更愿意接受艾滋病快速检测(均P<0.05)。结论 重点关注年龄较小、性伴数少的暗娼人群,尤其应加强艾滋病快速检测宣传和服务,提高暗娼人群艾滋病快速检测的意愿。
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周欣
陈琳
何林
姜婷婷
马瞧勤
关键词 艾滋病暗娼艾滋病快速检测    
AbstractObjective To learn the awareness and related factors of HIV rapid test among commercial sex workers(CSWs) in order to improve the HIV rapid test service. Methods The cross-sectional survey was conducted among CSWs in Wenzhou City and Quzhou City which were divided into high-grade, middle-grade and low-grade. Face to face questionnaire survey was conducted in the research investigation. The investigation content includes social demographic characteristics, rapid detection of desire, sexual behavior and HIV testing services. EpiData 3.0 database was used for data entry. Statistical software SPSS21.0 was used in chi-square and logistic regression analysis of multiple factors. Results A total of 401 CSWs were observed, including 136 people in high-grade, 182 people in middle-grade and 83 people in low-grade. Two hundred and two people and 200 people were investigated respectively in Wenzhou and Quzhou City. The rate of willing to accept the rapid HIV testing was 56.36%(226). Analysis by logistic analysis, 30 years old of above(OR=3.312,95%CI:1.427-7.691), commercial sexual behavior without using condom or casual usage in last 6 month(OR=4.560,95%CI:2.348-8.855),more than 10 commercial sexual partners(OR=8.767, 95%CI:2.993-25.677), and having HIV rapid testing in last year(OR=7.784,95%CI:3.108-19.496) were influencing factors for willing to accept HIV rapid testing. Conclusion In CSW HIV/AIDS intervention, adult, few numbers of sexual partners need to be focused. Improving HIV rapid test service, condom using service, and promoting risk sexual awareness may improve the HIV rapid test acceptance willingness and behavior.
Key wordsHIV/AIDS    CSW    HIV Rapid-Test
收稿日期: 2016-07-28      出版日期: 2017-10-27
ZTFLH:  R512.91  
通信作者: 马瞧勤,E-mail:qqma@cdc.zj.cn   
作者简介: 周欣,硕士,主管技师,主要从事艾滋病自愿咨询检测和高危行为干预工作
引用本文:   
周欣, 陈琳, 何林, 姜婷婷, 马瞧勤. 暗娼人群艾滋病快速检测意愿调查[J]. 预防医学, 2017, 29(5): 452-456.
ZHOU Xin, CHEN Lin, HE Lin, JIANG Ting-ting, MA Qiao-qin. An analysis on HIV rapid test demanding among commercial sex workers. Preventive Medicine, 2017, 29(5): 452-456.
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http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn1007-0931.2017.05.005      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2017/V29/I5/452
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