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预防医学  2016, Vol. 28 Issue (3): 240-243    
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
规律有氧运动对原发性高血压患者动脉弹性的影响
俞志红, 朱利月, 周欢琴
浙江医院,浙江 杭州 310013
A study on the effect of regular aerobic exercise on artery elasticity among patients with essential hypertension
YU Zhi-hong, ZHU Li-yue, ZHOU Huan-qin
Zhejiang Hospital,Zhejiang,Hangzhou,310013,China
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摘要 目的 探讨有氧运动训练对原发性高血压患者动脉硬化的影响。方法 选取原发性高血压患者155例,分成对照组76例和有氧运动组79例,对照组仅采用常规药物治疗,有氧运动组在常规药物治疗基础上增加有氧运动训练干预12周;观察并比较干预前后两组患者动脉弹性指数(CAVI、ABI)、四肢血压、甘油三酯(TG)、总胆固醇(TC)、低密度脂蛋白(LDL-C)、高密度脂蛋白(HDL-C)和尿微量白蛋白(U-MA)等指标。结果 干预后,有氧运动组左右两侧CAVI值分别为7.76±0.15和7.88±0.15,明显低于干预前的8.87±0.26和8.89±0.22(P<0.05);有氧运动组左右两侧CAVI值干预前后差值均数(下降幅度)分别为1.03±0.07和0.88±0.06,明显高于对照组的0.33±0.09和0.15±0.08(P<0.05)。干预后,有氧运动组四肢血压、TG和TC明显降低(P<0.05),对照组仅四肢收缩压、左下肢舒张压有所下降(P<0.05),且双上肢和右下肢收缩压、双上肢舒张压下降幅度均不及有氧运动组(P<0.05)。结论 规律有氧运动训练能明显改善原发性高血压患者动脉弹性。
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俞志红
朱利月
周欢琴
关键词 规律有氧运动原发性高血压动脉弹性    
AbstractObjective To explore the effect of aerobic exercise training on artery elasticity among patients with essential hypertension. Methods A total of 155 cases of patients with essential hypertension (EH)were selected, and were divided into control group(76 cases) and aerobic exercise group(79 cases).Control group was follow routine drug therapy, and aerobic exercise group was follow aerobic exercise training besides the routine therapy for 12 weeks.CAVI,ABI values,limb blood pressure,TG,TC,LDL-C,HDL-C and U-MA were compared before and after the intervention. Results After the intervention,bilateral CAVI values of aerobic exercise group were 7.76±0.15, 7.88±0.15,8.87±0.25 and 8.89±0.22,and lower than those before the intervention(P< 0.05).The decline range of bilateral CAVI value(the difference between the mean differences before and after the intervention) were 1.03±0.07 and 1.03±0.06, significantly wider than the control group of 0.33±1.97 and 0.15±0.08(P< 0.05).After the intervention,limb systolic pressure,diastolic blood pressure and triglyceride, cholesterol decreased in the aerobic exercise group(P< 0.05).The limb systolic blood pressure and left limb diastolic blood pressure decreased in the control group after intervention (P<0.05),but the decline range was smaller than the aerobic exercise group(P<0.05). Conclusion The aerobic exercise training could significantly improve arterial elasticity among patients with essential hypertension.
Key wordsAerobic exercise    Primary hypertension    Arterial elasticity
收稿日期: 2015-05-12      出版日期: 2017-12-07
ZTFLH:  R544.1  
基金资助:浙江省卫生厅资助项目(2014KYB015); 浙江省卫生厅资助项目(2012KYA001)
通信作者: 朱利月,E-mail:liyue_zhu@163.com   
作者简介: 俞志红,大专,副主任护师,主要从事干部保健管理工作
引用本文:   
俞志红, 朱利月, 周欢琴. 规律有氧运动对原发性高血压患者动脉弹性的影响[J]. 预防医学, 2016, 28(3): 240-243.
YU Zhi-hong, ZHU Li-yue, ZHOU Huan-qin. A study on the effect of regular aerobic exercise on artery elasticity among patients with essential hypertension. Preventive Medicine, 2016, 28(3): 240-243.
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http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2016/V28/I3/240
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