Abstract：Objective To develop an analytical method of ibotenic acid (IBA) and muscimol (MUS) in wild mushroom by dansyl chloride (DNSCl) derivatization-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and to provide technical support for etiological identification of mushroom poisoning events. Methods The sample was extracted with hydrochloric acid solution, derived by bimolecular DNSCl, diluted and inorganic salts precipitated with acetonitrile. The extract was separated by a waters XBridgeTM BEH C18 column and measured by LC-MS/MS. Results The limits of detection for IBA and MUS in wild mushroom were 0.15 mg/kg and 0.1 mg/kg, respectively. Good linear relationship was obtained for IBA and MUS at the range of 0.5-250 mg/kg with the correlation coefficient of 0.997 and 0.999, respectively. The average recoveries at three spiking levels were 84.5%-102.0% with relative standard deviations (RSDs, n=6) of 4.7%-8.6% for IBA. The average recoveries were 88.6%-95.4% with RSDs (n=6) of 4.9%-7.5% for MUS. Conclusion The optimized sample extraction and bimolecular DNSCl derivatization conditions can achieve rapid and accurate analysis of IBA and MUS in wild mushroom poisoning sample.
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