Abstract：Objective To understand the social anxiety of rural school-age left-behind children and its influencing factors, so as to provide a basis for improving the mental health of school-age left-behind children. Methods A cluster random sampling method was used to select left-behind students in Grade 3 to 6 in 5 primary schools in the southern rural area of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. Their general information were collected, their social anxiety and loneliness were evaluated by the Child Social Anxiety Scale ( SASC ) and Children's Loneliness Scale ( CLS ). The multivariate linear regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors for the social anxiety of left-behind children. Results A total of 455 rural school-age left-behind children were surveyed. Among them, there were 241 boys, accounting for 52.97%; 438 children having siblings, accounting for 96.26%; 359 children's fathers were migrant workers, accounting for 78.90%; 175 children were looked after by their grandparents, accounting for 38.46%. The rural school-age left-behind children surveyed scored ( 5.99±3.01 ) points in SASC and ( 36.39±10.70 ) points in CLS. The results of correlation analysis showed that the social anxiety of rural school-age left-behind children was positively correlated with loneliness ( r=0.301, P<0.001 ). The results of multivariate linear regression analysis showed that the rural school-age left-behind children who scored higher in CLS ( β'=0.307 ) and whose parents were both migrant workers ( β'=0.153 ) scored higher in SASC ( P<0.05 ). Conclusion The social anxiety level of rural school-age left-behind children is higher than ordinary children. The rural school-age left-behind children with high level of loneliness and whose parents both work outside have high level of social anxiety.
陈小惠, 赵枫, 付有娟, 纪文武, 关素珍. 农村学龄期留守儿童社会交往焦虑调查[J]. 预防医学, 2021, 33(8): 776-779.
CHEN Xiaohui, ZHAO Feng, FU Youjuan, JI Wenwu, GUAN Suzhen. The social anxiety of school-age children left behind in rural areas. Preventive Medicine, 2021, 33(8): 776-779.
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