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预防医学  2020, Vol. 32 Issue (2): 135-138    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2020.02.007
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
2007—2018年绍兴市新生儿早产趋势分析
吴长划, 钟菲
绍兴市妇幼保健院,浙江 绍兴 312000
Trend of premature birth in Shaoxing from 2007 to 2018
WU Changhua, ZHONG Fei
Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital,Shaoxing,Zhejiang 312000,China
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摘要 目的 分析绍兴市妇幼保健院2007—2018年新生儿早产情况及变化趋势,为加强围产保健提供依据。方法 收集绍兴市妇幼保健院2007—2018年活产儿资料,分析早产率以及不同程度早产儿构成、窒息、出生体重和性别比。结果 绍兴市妇幼保健院2007—2018年新生儿早产10 506例,早产率为9.09%,呈逐年上升趋势(P<0.05)。单胎早产率为7.26%,低于多胎早产率的57.80%(P<0.05)。极早早产110例,占1.05%;早期早产2 997例,占28.53%;轻型早产7 399例,占70.43%。极早早产和早期早产的比例均呈逐年上升趋势(P<0.05)。早产儿窒息1 019例,窒息率为9.70%,随孕周增加呈下降趋势(P<0.05);早产儿出生体重随孕周增加呈下降趋势(P<0.05)。早产儿男女比为1.22∶1,大于足月儿的1.10∶1(P<0.05)。结论 绍兴市妇幼保健院2007—2018年新生儿早产率呈上升趋势,极早早产和早期早产的比例呈上升趋势。
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吴长划
钟菲
关键词 早产围产保健出生体重窒息    
AbstractObjective To explore the prevalence and trend of premature delivery in Shaoxing Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from 2007 to 2018, so as to provide evidence for prevention of premature birth and promotion of perinatal health care. Methods The data of live births in Shaoxing Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from 2007 to 2018 were collected,and premature birth rate,proportion of premature infants in different gestational weeks,as well as the trend of gender ratio,asphyxia and birth weight with gestational weeks were analyzed. Results From 2007 to 2018,there were 10 506 premature infants born in Shaoxing Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital. The preterm birth rate increased year by year (P<0.05),and the annual average was 9.09%. The rate of multiple premature birth was 57.80%,which was higher than that of single premature birth (7.26%,P<0.05). There were 110 cases of extremely preterm birth (1.05%),2 997 cases of early preterm birth (28.53%),and 7 399 cases of mild preterm birth (70.43%). The proportions of extremely and early preterm birth increased year by year (P<0.05). The asphyxia rate of premature infants was 9.70% (1 019 cases),which decreased with the increase of gestational weeks (P<0.05). The birth weight of premature infants decreased with the increase of gestational weeks (P<0.05). The ratio of male to female in preterm infants was 1.22∶1,which was higher than 1.10∶1 in term infants (P<0.05).Conclusion From 2007 to 2018,the preterm birth rate of Shaoxing Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital increased year by year,especially in extremely and early preterm birth.
Key wordspreterm birth    perinatal health care    birth weight    asphyxia
收稿日期: 2019-09-05      出版日期: 2020-02-27
ZTFLH:  R714.21  
基金资助:浙江省公益基金项目(LGF19H260007)
作者简介: 吴长划,E-mail:wuchanghua88@163.com
引用本文:   
吴长划, 钟菲. 2007—2018年绍兴市新生儿早产趋势分析[J]. 预防医学, 2020, 32(2): 135-138.
WU Changhua, ZHONG Fei. Trend of premature birth in Shaoxing from 2007 to 2018. Preventive Medicine, 2020, 32(2): 135-138.
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