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预防医学  2019, Vol. 31 Issue (2): 154-158    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2019.02.011
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
海宁市预防接种人员职业倦怠现状调查
李清, 邱梦, 王洁, 毛春岚, 李敏超
海宁市疾病预防控制中心,浙江 海宁 314400
Occupational burnout of vaccination personnels in Haining
LI Qing, QIU Meng-yun, WANG Jie, MAO Chun-lan, LI Min-chao
Haining Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Haining,Zhejiang 314400,China
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摘要 目的 了解海宁市预防接种人员的职业倦怠现状及影响因素。方法 以海宁市所有预防接种门诊的预防接种人员为调查对象,采用一般情况调查问卷和马氏职业倦怠量表进行调查,采用Logistic回归模型分析预防接种人员发生职业倦怠的影响因素。结果 共发放问卷160份,回收有效问卷158份,回收有效率为98.75%。158名预防接种人员中判断职业倦怠91人,占57.59%;其中情感衰竭、去人格化和个人成就感3个维度得分的MQR)分别为13.00(14.00)、4.00(6.00)和26.50(17.00)分,均低于马氏职业倦怠量表常模平均分的22.19、7.12和36.53分(P<0.05)。Logistic回归分析结果显示:对接种工作有信心是预防接种人员出现情感衰竭(OR=0.175,95%CI:0.058~0.523)和低成就感(OR=0.272, 95%CI:0.079~0.937)的保护因素,有疑似预防接种不良反应接诊经历是预防接种人员出现去人格化(OR=3.125, 95%CI:1.472~6.633)和职业倦怠(OR=2.391,95%CI:1.189~4.807)的危险因素。结论 海宁市预防接种人员存在职业倦怠,有AEFI接诊经历是职业倦怠的危险因素。
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李清
邱梦
王洁
毛春岚
李敏超
关键词 预防接种职业倦怠疑似预防接种不良反应    
AbstractObjective To understand the current situation and influencing factors of occupational burnout among vaccination personnels in Haining. Methods The vaccination staffs of all vaccination clinics in Haining were investigated by the general questionnaire and Maslach Burnout Inventory. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors for job burnout of vaccination personnels. Results A total of 160 questionnaires were distributed and 158 valid questionnaires were collected. The effective rate of questionnaires was 98.75%. A total of 91 vaccination staffs suffered from occupational burnout,accounting for 57.59%. Among them,the median(inter-quartile range)of the scores of emotional exhaustion,depersonalization and personal achievement were 13.00(14.00),4.00(6.00)and 26.50(17.00),respectively,which were all lower than the normalized scores(22.19,7.12 and 36.53,P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that having confidence in vaccination was a protective factor for emotional failure(OR=0.175,95%CI:0.058-0.523)and low sense of achievement(OR=0.272,95%CI:0.079-0.937)in vaccination personnels;having experience in adverse event following immunization(AEFI)was a risk factor for depersonalization(OR=3.125,95%CI:1.472-6.633)and occupational burnout(OR= 2.391,95%CI:1.189-4.807)in vaccination personnels. Conclusion A certain proportion of vaccination staffs in Haining suffered from occupational burnout. The experience of AEFI was a risk factor for their occupational burnout.
Key wordsVaccination    Occupational burnout    Adverse event following immunization
收稿日期: 2018-08-23      出版日期: 2019-01-18
ZTFLH:  R192  
基金资助:浙江省预防医学会软科学研究课题(2017YF02)
通信作者: 李清,E-mail:maqiu1985@163.com   
作者简介: 李清,本科,主管医师,主要从事免疫规划工作
引用本文:   
李清, 邱梦, 王洁, 毛春岚, 李敏超. 海宁市预防接种人员职业倦怠现状调查[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(2): 154-158.
LI Qing, QIU Meng-yun, WANG Jie, MAO Chun-lan, LI Min-chao. Occupational burnout of vaccination personnels in Haining. Preventive Medicine, 2019, 31(2): 154-158.
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