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预防医学  2019, Vol. 31 Issue (1): 38-41    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2019.01.009
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
宁波市居民健康素养与健康城市满意度调查
朱莹莹, 梅秋红, 丁十戈, 徐倩倩, 冯宏伟, 贺天锋, 张涛
宁波市疾病预防控制中心,浙江 宁波 315010
Health literacy and healthy city satisfaction of residents in Ningbo
ZHU Ying-ying, MEI Qiu-hong, DING Shi-ge, XU Qian-qian, FENG Hong-wei, HE Tian-feng, ZHANG Tao
Ningbo Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Ningbo,Zhejiang 315010,China
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摘要 目的 了解宁波市居民的健康素养水平与健康城市满意度,为进一步开展宁波市健康城市建设提供依据。方法 采用分层多阶段与人口规模成比例抽样方法抽取宁波市6个城区≥15岁常住人口为调查对象,采用自行设计的问卷调查居民健康素养和健康城市满意度,采用多重线性回归模型分析健康城市满意度与健康素养的相关性。结果 调查3 300人,回收有效问卷3 035份,问卷有效率为91.97%。男、女性健康素养分别为(22.67±4.83)和(23.04±3.13)分,健康城市满意度分别为(3.30±0.32)和(3.31±0.33)分,差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);35~<45岁组居民健康素养为(25.65±4.14)分,高于15~<25岁组的(20.34±3.54)分(P<0.05);35~<45岁组居民健康城市满意度为(3.16±0.32)分,低于15~<25岁组的(3.45±0.31)分(P<0.05);已婚居民健康素养为(23.80±3.90)分,健康城市满意度为(3.35±0.33)分,均高于单身/离异/丧偶居民的(18.94±3.22)和(3.22±0.32)分(P<0.05)。多重线性回归分析结果显示,健康素养水平越高,健康城市满意度越高(β'=0.028,P<0.05)。结论 提高居民健康素养可提高居民健康城市满意度。
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关键词 健康素养健康城市满意度    
AbstractObjective To understand the health literacy and healthy city satisfaction of residents in Ningbo,and to provide a basis for further development of healthy city .Methods The permanent residents aged 15 years old and above in six urban districts of Ningbo were selected by stratified multi-stage sampling and probability-proportionate-to-size sampling method. The health literacy and healthy city satisfaction of residents were surveyed by a self-designed questionnaire. Multivariate linear regression model was used to analyze the correlation between health literacy and healthy city satisfaction .Results A total of 3 300 people were investigated and 3 035 valid questionnaires were returned,with an effective rate of 91.97%. The scores of health literacy were 22.67±4.83 in males and 23.04±3.13 in females;the scores of healthy city satisfaction were 3.30±0.32 in males and 3.31±0.33 in females;there were no statistically significant differences in the scores above between genders(P>0.05). The scores of health literacy were 25.65±4.14 in the residents aged 35-44 years and 20.34±3.54 in the residents aged 15-34 years;the scores of healthy city satisfaction were 3.16±0.32 in the former and 3.45±0.31 in the latter;the former scored higher in health literacy but lower in healthy city satisfaction than the latter (both P<0.05). The scores of health literacy were 23.80±3.90 in the married residents and 18.94±3.22 in the single,divorced or widowed ones;the scores of healthy city satisfaction were 3.35±0.33 in the former and 3.22±0.32 in the latter;the former scored higher both in health literacy and healthy city satisfaction than the latter (both P<0.05). The results of multivariate linear regression analysis showed that the higher the scores of health literacy,the higher the scores of healthy city satisfaction (β'=0.028,P<0.05) .Conclusion Improving health literacy of residents could improve their satisfaction with healthy city construction.
Key wordsHealth literacy    Healthy city    Satisfaction
收稿日期: 2018-06-29      出版日期: 2019-01-03
ZTFLH:  R193  
基金资助:浙江省医药卫生学科平台项目(2018KY730)
通信作者: 张涛,E-mail:993101077@qq.com   
作者简介: 朱莹莹,硕士,主管医师,主要从事促进学校及素养提升工作
引用本文:   
朱莹莹, 梅秋红, 丁十戈, 徐倩倩, 冯宏伟, 贺天锋, 张涛. 宁波市居民健康素养与健康城市满意度调查[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(1): 38-41.
ZHU Ying-ying, MEI Qiu-hong, DING Shi-ge, XU Qian-qian, FENG Hong-wei, HE Tian-feng, ZHANG Tao. Health literacy and healthy city satisfaction of residents in Ningbo. Preventive Medicine, 2019, 31(1): 38-41.
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http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2019.01.009      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2019/V31/I1/38
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