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预防医学  2018, Vol. 30 Issue (6): 549-552    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2018.06.003
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
上海市7~18岁学生体质指数百分位数参考值研究
杨漾1,2,吴艳强1,2,王向军1,彭宁宁3
1.上海市教育发展有限公司,上海 200011;
2.上海市学生体质健康监测中心;
3.上海市疾病预防控制中心
Percentile normal values of BMI for children and adolescents in Shanghai
YANG Yang,WU Yan-qiang,WANG Xiang-jun,PENG Ning-ning
*Shanghai Educational Development Company,Shanghai 200011,China
全文: PDF(571 KB)  
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摘要 目的 采用偏度-中位数-变异系数(LMS)法拟合上海市7~18岁学生体质指数(BMI)百分位数参考值曲线,为儿童青少年肥胖监测提供参考依据。方法 采用分层随机整群抽样法在上海市抽取15 259名7~18岁学生,测量身高和体重,应用LMS Chartmaker软件分别拟合男女生BMI随年龄变化的百分位数曲线图。以P3、P5、P10、P15、P25、P50、P75、P85、P90、P95、P97作为参考曲线。结果 随着年龄增长,男、女生BMI均呈增长趋势;男生BMI在各年龄段均高于女生。上海市男、女生各年龄组BMI的P50均高于全国水平,BMI的P85和P95前期基本与全国水平持平,后期则高于全国水平。百分位数曲线显示,男生自9岁开始进入BMI增长高峰,12岁之后增长缓慢,18岁曲线仍呈一定的上升;女生自10岁开始进入BMI增长高峰,14岁之后增长缓慢,16岁以后曲线趋于平稳。结论 用LMS法构建的BMI百分位数曲线能直观反映儿童青少年生长发育的规律;上海市儿童青少年BMI高于全国水平。
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杨漾
吴艳强
王向军
彭宁宁
关键词 儿童青少年体质指数偏度-中位数-变异系数法    
AbstractObjective To fit children and adolescents' normal values and curves of BMI with coefficient of skewness-median- coefficient of variation(LMS) method,so as to provide a reference for the monitoring of obesity in children and adolescents. Methods 15 259 children and adolescents aged 7 to 18 years old were selected in Shanghai,and the height and weight of the subjects were measured . The LMS Chartmaker software was used to fit the percentile curves of BMI of boys and girls with age. With P3,P5,P10,P15,P25,P50,P75,P85,P90,P95,P97 as the reference curve. Results The percentile of students showed an increasing trend with the age increases,and the boys are higher than girls. The P50 of all age groups of boys and girls in Shanghai was higher than that of the national level. The P85 and P95 of BMI were basically equal to the national level in the early stage,and was higher than the national level in the later period. The curve of boys has entered the peak of BMI growth since 9 years old,after 12 years old,the growth rate is slow,the curve is still rising at 18 years old. The curve of girls has entered the peak since 10 years old,after 14 years old,the growth rate is slow,after 16 years old,the curve tends to be stable. Conclusion The BMI percentile curve constructed by LMS method can correctly reflect the growing development of children and adolescents,and the BMI of children and adolescents in Shanghai is higher than the national level.
Key wordsChildren and adolescents    Body mass index    LMS
     出版日期: 2018-06-04
ZTFLH:  R179  
  R195.2  
通信作者: 杨漾,E-mail:yy@tzjk.net   
作者简介: 杨漾,博士,主要从事体质与健康、青少年健康促进工作
引用本文:   
杨漾,吴艳强,王向军,彭宁宁. 上海市7~18岁学生体质指数百分位数参考值研究[J]. 预防医学, 2018, 30(6): 549-552.
YANG Yang,WU Yan-qiang,WANG Xiang-jun,PENG Ning-ning. Percentile normal values of BMI for children and adolescents in Shanghai. Preventive Medicine, 2018, 30(6): 549-552.
链接本文:  
http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2018.06.003      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2018/V30/I6/549
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