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预防医学  2018, Vol. 30 Issue (2): 158-163    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2018.02.012
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
两种风险评估模型在转椅家具制造企业的应用比较
张鹏1, 刘弢1, 李辉1, 张传会1, 马力1, 张美辨2
1.湖州市疾病预防控制中心 浙江 湖州 313000;
2.浙江省疾病预防控制中心
Applied study and case report of comparison and application of two occupational health risk assessment methods in chair furniture manufacturing enterprises
ZHANG Peng*, LIU Tao, LI Hui, ZHANG Chuan-hui, MA Li, ZHANG Mei-bian
*The Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Huzhou City,Huzhou,Zhejiang 313000,China
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摘要 目的 比较新加坡化学物质职业暴露半定量风险评估模型(新加坡模型)和国际采矿与金属委员会(ICMM)职业健康风险评估模型(ICMM模型)在转椅家具制造企业职业健康风险评估中的适用性。方法 选择某市3家转椅家具制造企业为研究对象,对现场进行职业卫生学调查,应用新加坡模型和ICMM模型两种职业健康风险评估方法开展风险评估,并比较评估结果。结果 新加坡模型风险评估结果 显示,C企业木工打样岗位的木粉尘为极高风险,B、C企业木工打样岗位所接触的木粉尘和喷胶岗位所接触的苯为高风险,其他均为中低风险。ICMM模型赋值定量法评估结果显示,A、B、C企业喷胶岗位所接触的二氯甲烷和木工打样岗位所接触的木粉尘,B、C企业喷胶岗位所接触的苯,C企业的甲苯,B企业的甲醛和B、C企业的乙酸乙酯均为不可容忍的风险,其他均为潜在的风险。ICMM模型风险评级表法评估结果显示,A、B、C企业木工打样岗位所接触的木粉尘,B、C企业喷胶岗位所接触的苯及B企业的二氯甲烷均为中等风险,其他均为低风险或没有风险/风险非常低。新加坡模型与ICMM模型风险评级表法所得评估结果一致率为58.33%,加权Kappa值为0.25;新加坡模型、ICMM模型风险评级表法与赋值定量表法所得评估结果的一致性均较弱,加权Kappa值均为0.00。结论 新加坡模型和ICMM模型风险评估方法均适用于转椅家具制造企业职业危害因素风险评估,但两种方法的评估结果存在一定差异。
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张鹏
刘弢
李辉
张传会
马力
张美辨
关键词 职业健康风险评估新加坡化学物质职业暴露半定量风险评估模型国际采矿与金属委员会职业健康风险评估模型转椅家具制造企业    
AbstractObjective To apply and compare two occupational health risk assessment methods of Singapore occupational semi-quantitative risk assessment technique and occupational health risk assessment model provided by the International Council on Mining and Metal(ICMM) in chair furniture manufacturing enterprises. Methods Three chair furniture manufacturing enterprises were selected and investigated by occupational health. Singapore occupational semi-quantitative risk assessment technique and occupational health risk assessment model provided by the ICMM were used to evaluate the exposure risk in workers and compared. Results The result from the Singapore model indicated that there were extremely high risk for wood dust exposure at word-drilled workshop in factory C,high risk for wood dust exposure at word-drilled workshop in factory B and C,high risk for benzene exposure at glue-sprayed workshop in factory B and C,medium risk for wood dust exposure at wood-drilled workshop in factory A,toluene,xylene,dichloromethane,formaldehyde in factory B,toluene,xylene in factory C. There were inconsistent evaluation results using the ICMM tools of standard-based matrix and calculated risk rating. There were unacceptable risks for methylene chloride exposure at glue-sprayed workshop and word dust exposure at word-drilled workshop in factory A,B,C. There were unacceptable risks for benzene exposure at glue-sprayed workshop in factory B and C,toluene exposure at glue-sprayed workshop in factory A and C,ethyl acetate exposure at glue-sprayed workshop in factory B and C. The consistency of risk levels evaluated by Singapore occupational semi-quantitative risk assessment technique and rating evaluated mothod of risk assessment model provided by the ICMM was 58.33%(weighted kappa value:0.25). The consistencies of risk levels evaluated by Singapore occupational semi-quantitative risk assessment technique and risk assessment model provided by the ICMM were low(weighted kappa value:0.00). Conclusion Singapore occupational semi-quantitative risk assessment technique and risk assessment model provided by the ICMM were both suitable for the chair furniture manufacturing enterprises,but the outcome of the two methods is inconsistent.
Key wordsChair furniture    Occupational health    Semi-quantitative    ICMM    Risk assessment
收稿日期: 2017-08-17      出版日期: 1900-01-01
ZTFLH:  R134  
基金资助:浙江省卫生高层次创新人才培养工程项目(201663); 湖州市2015年科技计划项目(2015GYB01)
通信作者: 张美辨,E-mail:156890673@qq.com   
作者简介: 张鹏,硕士,副主任医师,主要从事职业卫生与职业病防制工作
引用本文:   
张鹏, 刘弢, 李辉, 张传会, 马力, 张美辨. 两种风险评估模型在转椅家具制造企业的应用比较[J]. 预防医学, 2018, 30(2): 158-163.
ZHANG Peng, LIU Tao, LI Hui, ZHANG Chuan-hui, MA Li, ZHANG Mei-bian. Applied study and case report of comparison and application of two occupational health risk assessment methods in chair furniture manufacturing enterprises. Preventive Medicine, 2018, 30(2): 158-163.
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http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2018.02.012      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2018/V30/I2/158
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