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预防医学  2017, Vol. 29 Issue (12): 1213-1216    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn1007-0931.2017.12.006
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
公交车驾驶员人格特征与驾龄的关系研究
董芬1,王勍1,董朝晖1,罗尹2
1.宁波市鄞州区疾病预防控制中心,浙江 宁波 315040;
2.宁波市鄞州区健康管理中心
An investigation on the situation of bus driver’s personality characteristics and its relationship with driving experience
DONG Fen,WANG Qing,DONG Chao-hui,LUO Yin
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Yinzhou District,Ningbo,Zhejiang,315040,China
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摘要 目的 分析公交车驾驶员人格特征与驾龄的关系,为行车安全管理提供参考依据。方法 于2016年3—5月采用随机抽样方法,抽取宁波市某公交公司158名工作≥1年的公交车驾驶员,运用卡氏16种人格因素问卷(16PF)进行调查,并与全国常模进行比较。结果 调查对象均为男性,平均(39.24±6.78)岁,平均公交车驾龄为(15.54±6.66)年,文化程度以高中为主,占62.66%。调查对象的乐群性、聪慧性、恃强性、兴奋性、怀疑性、世故性、实验性和独立性8种基本人格因素得分低于全国成年男性常模,敏感性、忧虑性和自律性3种基本人格因素得分高于全国成年男性常模(均P<0.05);稳定性、有恒性、敢为性、幻想性和紧张性5种基本人格因素得分与全国成年男性常模比较,差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05)。驾龄≥16年的驾驶员稳定性得分最高,6~<11年驾龄的驾驶员忧虑性得分最高,11~<16年驾龄的驾驶员自律性和紧张性得分最高(均P<0.05)。结论 公交车驾驶员的基本人格特征与一般人群比较有所不同,不同驾龄驾驶员存在一定差异,应对初入职的驾驶员进行各类事故风险培训和演练,对具有一定驾龄的驾驶员开展心理辅导。
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关键词 公交车驾驶员人格特征驾龄    
AbstractObjective To investigate the relationship between bus drivers' personality characteristics with driving experience and to provide reference for safe driving. Methods A total of 158 bus drivers who work for one year and above were extracted by random sampling from a bus company in Ningbo during March 2016 to May 2016. The survey was carried out by 16 personality factor questionnaire (16PF),and compared with the national norm. Results The subjects were male,and average age was 39.24±6.78. The average bus driving year was 15.54±6.66 and mainly with high school education (62.66%). The scores of agreeableness (9.21±3.18),intelligence (8.12±1.81),excitability (9.60±3.26),excitement (10.84±4.59),suspicion (8.94±2.87),introversion (9.01±2.60),experiment (10.18±2.52)and independence(10.51±3.13)of the subjects were significantly lower than the national norm (P<0.05). The scores of sensitivity(10.67±2.72),anxiety (9.60±3.78)and the self-discipline (13.30±2.42)were significantly higher than the national norm(P<0.05). And 54.43% of bus drivers have high score in eight sub-personality analysis of mental health factors and 67.09% of them have low score in professional achievement factor. The analysis of personality characteristics of bus drivers with different bus driving experiences showed that the highest stability score was in 16 bus driving years and above,and the highest anxiety score was in 6~<11 bus driving years and the highest tension and anxiety score were in 11~<16 bus driving years (P<0.05). Conclusion Bus drivers show special professional personality traits,and some characteristics will be strengthened and weakened with the growth of bus driving experience. It is necessary to carry out special training for the bus drivers with different bus driving experience,especially about dealing with various types of accident risk for new bus driver timely and psychological counseling for old bus driver regularly.
Key wordsBus driver    Personality characteristics    Bus driving experience    Analysis
     出版日期: 2017-12-07
ZTFLH:  R395.1  
基金资助:浙江省基层卫生软科学研究项目(2016JC06)
通信作者: 王勍,E-mail:191023036@qq.com   
作者简介: 董芬,硕士,副主任医师,主要从事公共卫生管理和疾病控制工作
引用本文:   
董芬,王勍,董朝晖,罗尹. 公交车驾驶员人格特征与驾龄的关系研究[J]. 预防医学, 2017, 29(12): 1213-1216.
DONG Fen,WANG Qing,DONG Chao-hui,LUO Yin. An investigation on the situation of bus driver’s personality characteristics and its relationship with driving experience. Preventive Medicine, 2017, 29(12): 1213-1216.
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http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/10.19485/j.cnki.issn1007-0931.2017.12.006      或      http://www.zjyfyxzz.com/CN/Y2017/V29/I12/1213
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