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预防医学  2019, Vol. 31 Issue (1): 1-4    DOI: 10.19485/j.cnki.issn2096-5087.2019.01.001
  论著 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
男男性行为人群HIV感染状态知情交友调查
陈婉君1, 阮建军2, 朱碧香2, 楼莲娟2, 陈军仙2, 查琏琦2, 马瞧勤1, 陈琳1, 姜婷婷1, 罗明宇1
1.浙江省疾病预防控制中心艾滋病与性病预防控制所,浙江 杭州 310051;
2.义乌市疾病预防控制中心
Awareness of HIV testing results before sex among men who have sex with men
CHEN Wan-jun*, RUAN Jian-jun, ZHU Bi-xiang, LOU Lian-juan, CHEN Jun-xian, ZHA Lian-qi, MA Qiao-qin, CHEN Lin, JIANG Ting-ting, LUO Ming-yu
*Department of HIV/AIDS and STDs Control and Prevention, Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310051,China
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摘要 目的 了解男男性行为(MSM)人群的HIV感染状态知情交友(知情交友)情况。方法 于2016年8月,采用方便抽样方法抽取在浙江省某“同志酒吧”活动的MSM进行问卷调查,收集一般人口学特征、最近一年性行为特征、性伴HIV感染状态知晓情况和HIV检测情况,分析MSM人群知情交友情况及影响因素。结果 共调查124名MSM,年龄以25~<40岁为主,占56.56%;未婚/离异/丧偶占61.29%;最近一年同性性伴人数最少的1人,最多40人,中位数为8人;有过临时同性性伴占70.97%;定期检测HIV抗体占90.32%,其中取回HIV检测结果并愿意告知性伴的占89.62%。知情交友的MSM有23人,占18.55%。MSM是否知情交友与其年龄、婚姻状况、最近一年同性性伴人数和性伴类型均存在统计学关联(P<0.05)。MSM与同性商业性性伴、非商业性临时性伴、固定性伴发生性行为前知道性伴HIV感染状态的比例分别为0、5.10%和19.77%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。“使用安全套应该不会感染HIV”“没有想过会感染艾滋病”“对方看上去很健康,不需要了解HIV感染情况”是MSM不知情交友的主要原因,分别占78.38%、53.15%和36.94%。结论 MSM人群的知情交友比例较低,与其年龄、婚姻状况、性伴人数和性伴类型有关,主要原因是MSM对HIV感染的认知不足。
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陈婉君
阮建军
朱碧香
楼莲娟
陈军仙
查琏琦
马瞧勤
陈琳
姜婷婷
罗明宇
关键词 男男性行为人群艾滋病艾滋病病毒感染知情    
AbstractObjective To understand the awareness of HIV testing results before having sex among men who have sex with men (MSM) .Methods The MSM from a gay bar in Zhejiang Province were recruited through convenience sampling method. A questionnaire survey was conducted to collect the information about demographic characteristics,sexual behaviors,awareness of HIV status between sexual partners and HIV testing results during August of the year 2016. The awareness of HIV testing results before having sex among MSM and the influencing factors were analyzed .Results A total of 124 MSM were recruited in this study,56.56% of whom aged from 25 to 39 years,and 61.29% were single,divorced or widowed. The number of sexual partners they had in the last year ranged from 1 to 40,with median of 8. The MSM who had casual sexual partners accounted for 70.97%. The MSM who had regular HIV testing accounted for 90.32%,yet who would like to share the HIV testing reports with partners only accounted for 18.55%. Whether asking about the HIV status before having sex or not was associated with age,marriage status,the number and characters of sexual partners(P<0.05). The MSM who were informed of the HIV status of commercial partners,casual partners and regular partners accounted for 0,5.10% and 19.77%,respectively. The main reasons for MSM not knowing about the HIV status of their sexual partners were“condom use would prevent HIV infection”(78.38%),“never thought about HIV infection”(53.15%),and “there was no need to ask as the partner looked healthy”(36.94%) .Conclusion The proportion of MSM who were aware of HIV testing results before having sex was not high and was associated with age,marriage status,the number and characters of sexual partners. Lack of knowledge about HIV infection might contributed to this low proportion.
Key wordsMen who have sex with men    Acquired immune deficiency syndrome    Human immunodeficiency virus    Infection    Awareness
收稿日期: 2018-08-31      出版日期: 2019-01-03
ZTFLH:  R512.91  
基金资助:浙江省医药卫生科技项目(2018RC026); 浙江省疾病预防控制中心青年科技人才项目
通信作者: 罗明宇,E-mail:myluo@cdc.zj.cn   
作者简介: 陈婉君,硕士,医师,主要从事艾滋病防制工作
引用本文:   
陈婉君, 阮建军, 朱碧香, 楼莲娟, 陈军仙, 查琏琦, 马瞧勤, 陈琳, 姜婷婷, 罗明宇. 男男性行为人群HIV感染状态知情交友调查[J]. 预防医学, 2019, 31(1): 1-4.
CHEN Wan-jun, RUAN Jian-jun, ZHU Bi-xiang, LOU Lian-juan, CHEN Jun-xian, ZHA Lian-qi, MA Qiao-qin, CHEN Lin, JIANG Ting-ting, LUO Ming-yu. Awareness of HIV testing results before sex among men who have sex with men. Preventive Medicine, 2019, 31(1): 1-4.
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